Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Table Mountain, Washington"
Includes ... Table Mountain ... Table Mountain Landslide (Bonneville Landslide) ... Campsite of October 30-31, 1805 ... Campsite of April 12, 1806 ...
Image, 2013, Table Mountain, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Table Mountain, Washington, as seen from Hamilton Island, Washington, with part of the Bonneville Landslide in the foreground. Image taken February 19, 2013.


Table Mountain ...
Table Mountain is located on the Washington side of the Columbia River at River Mile (RM) 148, and rises above Stevenson, Washington and Cascade Locks, Oregon. Magnificent views of the peak and it's companion Greenleaf Peak are visible from many areas along the Columbia. Cascade Locks, on the Oregon side of the Columbia, has perhaps the best view of Table Mountain. Other good views are from Bonneville Dam and North Bonneville, Washington. Table Mountain is part of the massive Bonneville Landslide event which formed the Cascade Rapids, a major barrier to early travelers on the Columbia River. Lewis and Clark reached this area in October 1805 and had to portage around the rapids.

Views of Table Mountain ...

Image, 2004, Table Mountain, Washington, from Robbins Island, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Table Mountain, Washington, from Robins Island, Oregon. Image taken October 27, 2004.
Image, 2003, Table Mountain and Greenleaf Peak, Washington, from Bonneville Dam, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Table Mountain and Greenleaf Peak, Washington, as seen from downstream of Bonneville Dam, Oregon. Image taken October 25, 2003.
Image, 2014, Table Mountain from Bonneville Dam, North Bonneville, Washington click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Table Mountain as seen from near the North Powerhouse, Bonneville Dam, North Bonneville, Washington. Image taken March 21, 2014.
Image, 2005, Table Mountain, Washington, from Hamilton Island, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Table Mountain, Washington, from Hamilton Island, Washington. Image taken April 2, 2005.


Campsites of October 30-31, 1805, and April 12, 1806 ...
Lewis and Clark's campsites of October 30 and 31, 1805, and their return on April 12, 1806, were on an island (now under the waters of the Bonneville Reservoir, the pool behind the Bonneville Dam) just offshore of the upper end of the Bonneville Landslide, in the vicinity of Ashes Lake, Washington. Table Mountain rises over the area. This campsite was at the head of the Portage around the "Lower Falls of the Columbia".
[More]

Image, 2004, Table Mountain from Bonneville Dam, North Bonneville, Washington click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Table Mountain and the Bonneville Landslide, Washington, as seen from Cascade Locks, Oregon. View towards the location of Lewis and Clark's campsites of October 30 and 31, 1805 and April 12, 1806, near Ashes Lake, Washington, at the upper end of the Bonneville Landslide. View from Thunder Island, Cascade Locks, Oregon. Image taken November 4, 2004.


Bonneville Landslide ...
Lewis and Clark reached the Table Mountain/Greenleaf Peak area on October 30, 1805, and set up camp just upstream of the "Lower Falls of the Columbia", across from today's Cascade Locks, Oregon. From this camp the men took two days to portage down through the the Cascade Rapids, an area created by the Table Mountain Landslide (Bonneville Landslide). This landslide is one of the greatest landslides along the Columbia River, diverting the river channel a mile, and creating the legend of the Bridge of the Gods.
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Image, 2011, Table Mountain, Greenleaf Basin, Greenleaf Peak, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Table Mountain, Greenleaf Basin, and Greenleaf Peak, Washington, as seen from Cascade Locks Marina, Cascade Locks, Oregon. Image taken May 20, 2011.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, October 30, 1805 ...
A cool morning, a moderate rain all the last night, after eating a partial brackfast of venison we Set out [from their camp near Drano Lake and the Little White Salmon River]     passed Several places where the rocks projected into the river & have the appearance of haveing Seperated from the mountains and fallen promiscuisly into the river, Small nitches are formed in the banks below those projecting rocks which is comon in this part of the river, Saw 4 Cascades caused by Small Streams falling from the mountains on the Lard. Side,

[The possiblities in a two-mile area are - upstream to downstream - Starvation Creek and Falls, the seasonal Cabin Creek and Falls, Warren Creek and Falls, Wonder Creek and Lancaster Falls, Lindsey Creek and Falls, and Summit Creek and Falls.]

a remarkable circumstance in this part of the river is, the Stumps of pine trees [Submerged Forest]

[The Submerged Forest existed along the reach from above Dog Mountain/Viento Creek on the upstream edge and Wind Mountain/Shellrock Mountain on the downstream edge.]

are in maney places are at Some distance in the river, and gives every appearance of the rivers being damed up below from Some cause which I am not at this time acquainted with [Bonneville Landslide],     the Current of the river is also verry jentle not exceeding 1 1/2 mile pr. hour and about 3/4 of a mile in width. Some rain, we landed above the mouth of a Small river on the Stard. Side [Wind River] and Dined ...   :  here the river widens to about one mile large Sand bar in the middle, a Great [rock] both in and out of the water, large <round> Stones, or rocks are also permiscuisly Scattered about in the river, ...     The bottoms above the mouth of this little river [Wind River] <which we Call> is rich covered with grass & firn & is about 3/4 of a mile wide rich and rises gradually, below the river (which is 60 yards wide above its mouth) the Countery rises with Steep assent. we call this little river <fr Ash> New Timbered river from a Speces of Ash <that wood> which grows on its banks of a verry large and different from any we had before Seen, and a timber resembling the beech in bark <& groth> but different in its leaf which is Smaller and the tree smaller. passed maney large rocks in the river and a large creek on the Stard. Side in the mouth of which is an Island [Rock Creek near Stevenson, Washington], passed on the right of 3 Islands <on> near the Stard. Side, and landed on an Island close under the Stard. Side at the head of the great Shute [head of the Cascades Rapids], and a little below a village of 8 large houses on a Deep bend on the Stard. Side, and opposit 2 Small Islands imediately in the head of the Shute, which Islands are covered with Pine, maney large rocks also, in the head of the Shute. Ponds back of the houses, and Countrey low for a Short distance. The day proved Cloudy dark and disagreeable with Some rain all day which kept us wet. The Countary a high mountain on each Side thickly Covered with timber, Such as Spruc, Pine, Cedar, Oake Cotton &c. &c.     I took two men and walked down three miles to examine the Shute and river below proceeded along an old Indian path, passd. an old village at 1 mile ...     I found by examonation that we must make a portage of the greater perpotion of our Stores 2 1/2 miles, and the Canoes we Could haul over the rocks, I returned at Dark ...     a wet disagreeable evening, the only wood we could get to burn on this little Island on which we have encamped [near Ashes Lake, the island is now under the waters of the Bonneville Reservoir. Ashes Lake was near the head of the Cascade Rapids. Across from Ashes Lake is Cascade Locks, Oregon.] is the newly discovered Ash, which makes a tolerable fire. we made fifteen miles to daye





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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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September 2008