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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"St. Cloud Wayside, Washington"
Includes ... St. Cloud ... St. Cloud Trail #4410 ...
Image, 2006, St. Cloud Wayside, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
St. Cloud Wayside, Washington. The Columbia River and the Oneonta region are in the background. Image taken April 22, 2006.


St. Cloud ...
The area of Washington State's St. Cloud Wayside was acquired by the U.S. Forest Service in 1990, with the area being developed in 1994. Formerly this was the site of the old St. Cloud Ranch homestead. It is possibly the largest remaining natural wetland in the Gorge, providing habitat for an extensive variety of wildlife. The site is culturally significant to American Indians - the nearby Watlala Tribe utilized the many plant and animal resources on the St. Cloud site. The open meadow offers views across the river to the Oneonta Bluffs area and Multnomah Falls, and the old orchard provides shady picnic areas. St. Cloud wayside is accessible from Washington State Highway 14, just west of milepost 30 near the communities of Skamania and Skamania Landing. One mile upstream is the viewpoint for Franz Lake National Wildlife Refuge, and approximately five miles upstream is Beacon Rock.

St. Cloud Trail #4410 ...
The U.S. Forest Service's St. Cloud Trail #4410 is a footpath less than a mile long, meandering through St. Cloud's historic apple orchard.

Heritage Orchard ...
"The apple orchard of Spitzenberg and Newtown-Pippin was planted before the turn of the century. The orchard trees provided a food source. Most were for personal use, and some were also sold at local markets.

History: The Farm was occupied by a succession of owners from 1871 and 1984. Paul J. and Florence Vial bought the property in 1909. From 1909 to the 1950s, St. Cloud Ranch was the summer home of the Vial family and boasted tennis courts, a swimming pool, boat dock and manicured grounds. Paul and Florence named their beloved home "St. Cloud Ranch" for the suburb of Paris, France where they spent their 1903 honeymoon and early married years. Today only the orchard hints of St. Cloud's cultivated past."


Source:    Washington State Univeristy Extension website, 2015, "WSU Vancouver Heritage Orchard".


St. Cloud Ranch in 1914 ...
MAZAMAS CLIMB ARCHER
58 Hikers Get Fine View of Columbia From the Summit.

"Fifty-eight Mazamas traveled over the North Bank road to St. Cloud Ranch, a point between Prindle and Butler, Wash., for their Sunday trip yesterday. From the ranch they ascended a canyon and thence to Archer Mountain, from whose summit many fine views up and down the Columbia were obtained. The party then returned to the railway and took the local train for Portland. ..."


Source:    "Morning Oregonian", May 4, 1914, Historic Oregon Newspaper Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, 2016.


Views ...

Image, 2005, St. Cloud Wayside, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
St. Cloud Wayside, Washington. The Columbia River and the Oneonta region are in the background. Image taken February 26, 2005.
Image, 2004, St. Cloud Wayside, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
St. Cloud Wayside, Washington. The Columbia River and the Oneonta region are in the background. Image taken August 1, 2004.
Image, 2004, St. Cloud Wayside, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
St. Cloud Wayside, Washington. The Columbia River and the Oneonta region are in the background. Image taken August 1, 2004.
Image, 2006, St. Cloud Wayside, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
St. Cloud Wayside, Washington. Image taken April 22, 2006.


Views from St. Cloud Wayside ...
Washington State's St. Cloud Wayside provides excellent views of the Oregon side of the Columbia River Gorge. The Oneonta Bluffs are upstream and Multnomah Falls is downstream.

Image, 2005, View upstream from St. Cloud Wayside, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Oneonta Bluffs, as seen from St. Cloud Wayside, Washington. Image taken June 29, 2005.
Image, 2005, View across from St. Cloud Wayside, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Columbia River Gorge, Oregon side, as seen from St. Cloud Wayside, Washington. Image taken June 29, 2005.
Image, 2005, Multnomah Falls from St. Cloud Wayside, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Multnomah Falls, Oregon, as seen from St. Cloud Wayside, Washington. Image taken June 29, 2005.
Image, 2005, Columbia River and Oregon, from St. Cloud Wayside, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Columbia River and Oregon, from the St. Cloud Wayside, Washington. Image taken February 26, 2005.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, November 2, 1805 ...
Examined the rapid below us [from their camp at Fort Rains, looking at the Cascade Rapids] more pertcelarly the danger appearing too great to Hazzard our Canoes loaded, dispatched all the men who could not Swim with loads to the end of the portage below, I also walked to the end of the portage with the carriers where I delayed untill everry articles was brought over and canoes arrived Safe. here we brackfast and took a Meridn. altitude 59 45' 45" about the time we were Setting out 7 Squars came over loaded with Dried fish, and bear grass neetly bundled up, Soon after 4 Indian men came down over the rapid in a large canoe.     passed a rapid at 2 miles & 1 at 4 miles opposite the lower point of a high Island on the Lard Side [Bradford Island], and a little below 4 Houses on the Stard. Bank, a Small Creek on the Lard Side [Tanner Creek] opposit Straw berry Island [Hamilton Island], which heads below the last rapid, opposit the lower point of this Island [Hamilton Island] passed three Islands covered with tall timber [today there are two, Ives and Pierce] opposit the Beatin rock [Beacon Rock]    Those Islands are nearest the Starboard Side, imediately below on the Stard. Side passed a village of nine houses [indentified on Atlas map#79 as the "Wah-clallah Tribe of Shahala Nation", location near today's Skamania and Skamania Landing], which is Situated between 2 Small Creeks [Woodard Creek and Duncan Creek], and are of the Same construction of those above; here the river widens to near a mile, and the bottoms are more extensive and thickly timbered, as also the high mountains on each Side, with Pine, Spruce pine, Cotton wood, a Species of ash, and alder.     at 17 miles passed a rock near the middle of the river [Phoca Rock], about 100 feet high and 80 feet Diamuter,     proceed on down a Smoth gentle Stream of about 2 miles wide, in which the tide has its effect as high as the Beaten rock [Beacon Rock] or the Last rapids at Strawberry Island [Hamilton Island],- Saw great numbers of waterfowl of Different kinds, Such as Swan, Geese, white & grey brants, ducks of various kinds, Guls, & Pleaver [today just below Beacon Rock is Franz National Wildlife Refuge]. ...     we encamped under a high projecting rock on the Lard. Side [Rooster Rock, with Crown Point rising above it],     here the mountains leave the river on each Side [leaving the Columbia River Gorge, Steigerwald Land NWR is on the north and the Sandy River delta is on the south], which from the great Shute to this place is high and rugid [Columbia River Gorge]; thickly Covered with timber principalley of the Pine Species. The bottoms below appear extensive and thickly Covered with wood.     river here about 2 miles wide.     Seven Indians in a Canoe on their way down to trade with the nativs below, encamp with us, those we left at the portage passed us this evening and proceeded on down The ebb tide rose here about 9 Inches, the flood tide must rise here much higher- we made 29 miles to day from the Great Shute [Cascade Locks]-





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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:    Hay, K.G., 2004, The Lewis and Clark Columbia River Water Trail, Timber Press, Portland; Skamania County website, 2004;    Historic Oregon Newspaper Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, 2016;    U.S. Forest Service website, 2004, 2015;    Washington State Univeristy Extension website, 2015, "WSU Vancouver Heritage Orchard";   

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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May 2015