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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Seaside, Oregon"
Includes ... Seaside ... Seaside Cove ... "Salt Works" ... Clatsop Beach ... Tillamook Head ... The Golden Age of Postcards ...
Image, 2010, Seaside, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Seaside, Oregon. Gray drizzly day view of Seaside, as seen from the beach. Image taken May 2, 2010.


Seaside, Oregon ...
Today's Seaside, Oregon, was once the location of a Clatsop village called "Ne-co-tat", and is located along the Pacific Ocean, approximately 15 miles south of Astoria. In 1805 and 1806 Lewis and Clark set up a camp at this location to make salt. By 1871 the area had become a resort area with the first post office being established at "Summer House". In 1873 Summer House was rebuilt to become "Seaside House", and by 1882 the Post Office (and community) took the name of "Seaside". It was from this location in January 1806, Captain Clark journeyed across Tillamook Head to Cannon Beach to view a whale.

The Seaside House ...
The SEASIDE HOUSE, Clatsop Beach.

"Mr. C.H. Dexter, formerly of the "Cliff House", San Francisco, announces to his friends and the public that he has leased the new and elegant Hotel recently erected by Ben Holladay, Esq., upon the site of the old Summer House, at Clatsop Beach. The house is elegantly furnished, and possesses all modern improvements. A large and spacious Dining Room, Billiard Room, extensive Parlors, Bath Rooms, Rooms en suite, etc., etc., all well arranged for the comfort of Guests. The Grounds are beautifully laid out. A half-mile Race Track, with Shell drive; Croquet Ground, Children's Play Ground, Swings, etc., etc. Boats upon the creek; plenty of Trout Fishing; a splendid Stable, with Saddle Horses for those who wish for Equestrian rides over the Beach; Bathing Houses, for Salt Water Bathing -- and, in fact, everything necessary for the Pleasure Seeker, the Tourist or the Invalid. Ocean, Mountain, Forest and River Scenery, combined, make this the finest Place of Resort in the World. The climate is equable -- never subject to extremes of heat or cold -- and one of the healthiest places upon the Globe. The Table will be unexcelled, and the subscriber pledges himself that nothing will be left undone for the pleasure and comfort of his Patrons. Terms moderate and satisfactory. CHARLES H. DEXTER."

Source:   "Tri-weekly Astorian", July 15, 1873, Astoria, Oregon.


Views ...

Image, 2012, Seaside, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
"Big Fish", Seaside, Oregon. Image taken February 9, 2012.
Image, 2010, Seaside, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Scene, Seaside, Oregon. Gray drizzly day. Image taken May 2, 2010.
Image, 2010, Seaside, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Boardwalk, Seaside, Oregon. Gray drizzly day. The heights of Tillamook Head rise in the background. Image taken May 2, 2010.
Image, 2012, Seaside Cove, Oregon, click to enlarge
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From Seaside Cove, looking north, Seaside, Oregon. Overcast gray day. Image taken February 9, 2012.
Image, 2010, Pacific Ocean from Seaside, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Pacific Ocean as seen from Seaside, Oregon. Gray drizzly day. Image taken May 2, 2010.


Seaside, etc.

  • Birding ...
  • Clatsop Beach ...
  • Salt Works ...
  • Seaside Cove ...
  • Tillamook Head ...


Birding ...

Image, 2013, Black Oystercatcher, Seaside Cove, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Black Oystercatcher, Seaside Cove, Oregon. Image taken July 30, 2013.
Image, 2012, Sanderlings, Pacific Ocean, Seaside, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Sanderlings, Pacific Ocean at Seaside, Oregon. Overcast gray day. Image taken February 9, 2012.


Clatsop Beach ...
North of Seaside is an 18-mile-long beach known as "Clatsop Beach", made up of smaller beaches such as Sunset Beach and Columbia Beach. Lewis and Clark passed by these beaches on their way to the Pacific to gather salt. Quite possibly Sunset Beach is Private Gass's "beautiful prairie".

"... We got into low ground, passed through a marsh about a mile in breadth, where the water was knee-deep; then got into a beautiful prairie, about 5 miles wide, and which runs along the sea shore about 30 miles from Point Adams on the south side of Hayley's Bay, in nearly a southwest course and ends at a high point of a mountain, called Clarke's View on the sea shore. ..." [Gass, January 4, 1806]

[More]



"Salt Works" ...
28, 1805, Captain Clark directed five men to journey from Fort Clatsop to the Pacific Ocean to set up a camp to make salt. The men needed salt to prserve their meat for the journey back home. This camp was located at today's Seaside, Oregon. The men returned in mid-February with approximately 20 gallons of salt.
[More]

Image, 2012, Salt Works, Seaside, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Information sign, Salt Works, Seaside, Oregon. Overcast gray day. Image taken February 9, 2012.
Image, 2012, Salt Works, Seaside, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Salt Works, Seaside, Oregon. Overcast gray day. Image taken February 9, 2012.


Seaside Cove ...
(to come)


Tillamook Head ...
To the south of Seaside is Tillamook Head, a large headland jutting into the Pacific Ocean, and further down the coast is Cannon Beach, where Captain Clark journeyed in January 1806 to view a whale. Lewis and Clark called Tillamook Head "Clark's Point of View".
[More]

Image, 2010, Tillamook Head from Seaside, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Tillamook Head from the beach at Seaside, Oregon. Image taken May 2, 2010.


"The Golden Age of Postcards" ...

The early 1900s was the "Golden Age of Postcards". The "Penny Postcard" became a popular way to send greetings to friends and family. Today the Penny Postcards have become a snapshot of history.

Penny Postcard, Saddle Mountain and Seaside, Oregon, ca.1930
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Penny Postcard: Saddle Mountain and Seaside, Oregon, ca.1930.
Penny Postcard, ca.1930, "Air view showing Saddle Mountain and Seaside, Oregon". Copyright Brubaker Aerial Surveys, Oregon. Published by Wesley Andrews Co., Portland, Oregon. Card #483. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Penny Postcard, Aerial view, Seaside, Oregon, ca.1950
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Penny Postcard: Aerial view, Seaside, Oregon, ca.1950. Penny Postcard, Postmarked 1950, "Airplane View, Seaside, Oregon." Caption on bottom reads: "Oregon Coast Highway at the End of the Old Oregon Trail." Image copyright Prentiss. Published by Wesley Andrews Company, Portland, Oregon. Card is Postmarked August 3, 1950. Card #489. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Penny Postcard, Seaside, Oregon, and Tillamook Head, ca.1940
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Penny Postcard: Trails End, Seaside, Oregon, and Tillamook Head, ca.1940. Penny Postcard, ca.1940, "The Trail's End and Tillamook Head, Seaside, Oregon". Published by Wesley Andrews Col., Portland, Oregon. Card #475. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, January 8, 1806 ...
The last night proved fair and Cold wind hard from the S. E. we Set out early and proceeded to the top of the mountain [Tillamook Head] next to the which is much the highest part and that part faceing the Sea is open, from this point I beheld the grandest and most pleasing prospects which my eyes ever surveyed, in my frount a boundless Ocean; to the N. and N. E. the coast as as far as my sight Could be extended, the Seas rageing with emence wave and brakeing with great force from the rocks of Cape Disapointment [Cape Disappointment, Washington] as far as I could See to the N. W. The Clatsops Chinnooks and other villagers on each Side of the Columbia river and in the Praries below me [Clatsop Beach, also referred to as Clatsop Plains, comprised of Sunset Beach and Columbia Beach. This area today is the location of Seaside, Oregon], the meanderings of 3 handsom Streams heading in Small lakes at the foot the high Country; The Columbia River for a Some distance up, with its Bays and Small rivers and on the other Side I have a view of the Coast for an emence distance to the S. E. by S. the nitches and points of high land which forms this Corse for a long ways aded to the inoumerable rocks of emence Sise out at a great distance from the Shore [such as Haystack Rock] and against which the Seas brak with great force gives this Coast a most romantic appearance. from this point of View [Tillamook Head] my guide pointed to a village at the mouth fo a Small river [Ecola Creek] near which place he Said the whale was, he also pointed to 4 other places where the princpal Villages of the Kil la mox were Situated, I could plainly See the houses of 2 of those Villeges & the Smoke of a 3rd which was two far of for me to disern with my naked eye ... after taking the Courses and computed the Distances in my own mind, I proceeded on down a Steep decent to a Single house the remains of an old Kil a mox Town in a nitch imediately on the Sea Coast, at which place great no. of eregular rocks are out and the waves comes in with great force. ... The Coast in the neighbourhood of this old village is slipping from the Sides of the high hills, in emence masses; fifty or a hundred acres at a time give way and a great proportion of an instant precipitated into the Ocean.     those hills and mountains are principally composed of a yellow Clay; their Slipping off or Spliting assunder at this time is no doubt Caused by the incessant rains which has fallen within the last two months.     the mountains Covered with a verry heavy Croth of pine & furr, also the white Cedar or arbor vita and a Small proportion of the black alder, this alder grows to the hight of Sixty or Seventy feet and from 2 to 3 feet in diamiter. Some Speies of pine on the top of the Point of View [Tillamook Head] rise to the emmence hight of 210 feet and from 8 to 12 feet in diameter, and are perfectly Sound and Solid.     Wind hard from the S. E and See looked [blank] in the after part of the Day breaking with great force against the Scattering rocks at Some distance from Shore [possibly those at the base of Ecola Point, Ecola State Park], and the ruged rockey points under which we were obleged to pass and if we had unfortunately made one false Stet we Should eneviateably have fallen into the Sea and dashed against the rocks in an instant, fortunately we passed over 3 of those dismal points and arived on a butifull Sand Shore on which we Continued for 2 miles [Cannon Beach], Crossed a Creek [Ecola Creek] 80 yards near 5 Cabins, and proceeded to the place the whale had perished, found only the Skelleton of this monster on the Sand between 2 of the villages of the Kil a mox nation; the Whale [Historians believe it was the Blue Whale] was already pillaged of every valuable part by the Kil a mox Inds. in the vecinity of whose village's it lay on the Strand where the waves and tide had driven up & left it.     this Skeleton measured 105 feet.     I returned to the village of 5 Cabins on the Creek which I shall call E co-la or whale Creek [today known as Ecola Creek], found the nativs busily engaged boiling the blubber, which they performed in a large Squar wooden trought by means of hot Stones; ...





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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:    MacArthur, L.A., and MacArthur, L.L., 2003, Oregon Geographic Names, Oregon Historical Society Press;    U.S. National Park Service, Lewis and Clark National Historic Park website;   

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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Images are NOT to be downloaded from this website.
February 2012