Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Paterson and the Paterson Ferry, Washington/Oregon"
Includes ... Paterson, Washington ... Paterson Ferry ... Paterson Ridge ... Paterson Springs ... Irrigon Fish Hatchery ... Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge, Paterson Unit ...
Image, 2005, Paterson Ferry Road, view upstream, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Upstream on the Columbia River as seen from end of Paterson Ferry Road, Oregon. Image taken September 24, 2005.


Paterson, Washington ...
Paterson, Washington, is located at Columbia River Mile (RM) 277. Often seen spelled "Patterson", the U.S. Board of Geographic Names made "Paterson" official in 1959. Paterson, Paterson Ridge, and Paterson Springs were all named after Henry Paterson, an early settler in the area.

Early History ...
The U.S. Bureau of Land Management General Land Office Records (GLO) website (2007) shows title being granted to Henry Paterson for 111.25 acres of T5N R26E Section 8, on July 25, 1892, under the 1862 Homestead Entry Original.

The 1868 cadastral survey (tax survey) shows a "settlers dwelling" located in T5N R26E Section 9.


Paterson Ferry ...
The end of Oregon's Paterson Ferry Road reaches the Columbia River at River Mile (RM) 278.5, three miles downstream of Irrigon, Oregon (RM 282). The Paterson Ferry Road was once the Oregon side of the Paterson Ferry to Paterson, Washington. This privately-owned ferry went out of business in 1955 with the construction of the Interstate 82/395 Bridge located 13 miles upstream. The Interstate 82/395 bridge connects Umatilla, Oregon to Plymouth, Washington. Today the Paterson Ferry Road ends upstream the prominent grain elevator (RM 278). Across the Columbia are views of the Paterson Unit of the Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge.

Paterson Ferry in 1922 ...
Best Route to Yakima Given.

"The best route into the Yakima country now is via Paterson ... the motorist ferrying the Columbia river near Irrigon. There are two approaches to the ferry landing from the Columbia river highway but the one branching off from Irrigon is reported to be the best. This brings the motorist into the Yakima valley at Prosser. ... The route from Maryhill to Goldendale is now open, but beyond Goldendale the road is in only fair shape. The best way to go to Maryhill is to ferry at Biggs."


Source:    "Sunday Oregonian", April 9, 1922, courtesy Historic Oregon Newspapers Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, 2016.


Paterson Ferry in 1940 ...
From the Oregon State Archives "A 1940 Journey Across Oregon":

"... IRRIGON, 8 m. (297 alt., 65 pop.), on the site of old Grande Ronde Landing, a former stopping place for travelers, derives its name and sustenance from the irrigation district of which it is the center. An experiment farm nearby demonstrates the agricultural possibilities of the rich soil.

At 11.2 m. is a junction with a side road.

Right on this road to PATTERSON FERRY, 1 m. (toll for cars and five persons, $1; round trip, $1.50) connecting with US 410 at Prosser, Washington.

On a slight knoll (R) at 19.7 m. is a mounted specimen of Indian picture writing. The engraved boulder was found on the bank of the Columbia River a few miles east of its present location...."


Paterson Ferry in 1951 ...

"... The privately owned ferry at Umatilla carried 178,576 vehicles in 1951. The high number of vehicles was due to the closure of U.S. Highway No. 730 above McNary Dam. The equipment for the ferry consisted of two unpowered steel barges that were propelled by light tug boats, the first with a capcity for 14 passenger autos, the second with a capacity for 11 passenger autos. The Paterson ferry on the Washington shore was also privately owned, and carried 146,498 vehicles in 1951. The equipment for this ferry consisted of three unpowered barges, propelled by light tug boats, with capacities for 8 and 12 passenger autos. Both ferries operated without a schedule according to traffic needs. The crossing time was about five minutes with a ten minute average wait. Both ferries went out of business when the Umatilla Bridge was built. ..."


Source:    Center for Columbia River History website (2005), adapted from Report on A Proposed Highway Bridge Across the Columbia River At Umatilla, Oregon for Umatilla County, Oregon, Benton County, Washington (Oregon Highway Commission, Washington Toll Bridge Authority, September, 1952).



Paterson Ferry, etc.

  • Paterson Ferry Road ...
  • Paterson Ridge ...
  • Umatilla Fish Hatchery ...
  • Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge, Paterson Unit ...


Paterson Ferry Road, Oregon ...
Paterson Ferry Road runs north/south and once led to the long-gone Paterson Ferry. Today it leads to a grain elevator, a boat ramp, and the Irrigon Fish Hatchery. Paterson Ferry Road meets the Columbia River at River Mile (RM) 278.5, approximately three miles west of Irrigon.

Image, 2005, Columbia River near Paterson Ferry Road, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Columbia River near Paterson Ferry Road, downstream of Irrigon, Oregon. Image taken September 24, 2005.
Image, 2005, Grain elevator, downstream of Irrigon, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Grain Elevator, downstream of Irrigon, Oregon. View from end of Paterson Ferry Road. Image taken September 24, 2005.


Paterson Ridge ...
Paterson Ridge is a part of the Yakima Fold Belt, a section of lava flows of the Columbia River Basalt Group.
[More]


Umatilla Fish Hatchery ...
The Umatilla Fish Hatchery began operation in 1991 and is used for egg incubation and the rearing of spring chinook, fall chinook, and summer steelhead. It rears a portion of its fish in unique ponds called "Michigan Ponds". The hatchery is located along the Paterson Ferry Road.
[More]

Image, 2005, Umatilla Fish Hatchery, downstream of Irrigon, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Umatilla Fish Hatchery, downstream of Irrigon, Oregon. Image taken September 24, 2005.


Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge, Paterson Unit ...
The Paterson Unit of the Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge is located on the Washington shore, upstream of Paterson, Washington, and includes the Paterson Slough. Good views of this section of the Refuge can be seen from the Oregon side near the Irrigon Fish Hatchery.
[More]

Image, 2005, Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge, Paterson Unit, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Paterson Unit, Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge: View from the Oregon side near the end of the Irrigon Fish Hatchery. Image taken September 24, 2005.
Image, 2005, Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge, Paterson Unit, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Paterson Unit, Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge: View from the Oregon side near the end of the Irrigon Fish Hatchery. Image taken September 24, 2005.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, ...
 




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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:    Center for Columbia River History website, 2005;    Hitchman, R., 1985, Place Names of Washington, Washington State Historical Society;    Oregon State Archives website, 2006;    U.S. Bureau of Land Management website, 2007;    U.S. Bureau of Land Management General Land Office Records (GLO) website, 2007;    U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) website, 2007;   

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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© 2017, Lyn Topinka, "ColumbiaRiverImages.com", All rights reserved.
Images are NOT to be downloaded from this website.
September 2008