Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Murals ... North Bonneville, Washington"
Includes ... North Bonneville ... Fort Rains ... "Middle Blockhouse" ... Sternwheeler "Regulator" ...
Image, 2011, North Bonneville, Washington click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Welcome sign, North Bonneville, Washington. Image taken August 22, 2011.


North Bonnevile Murals ...
Two murals are located in North Bonneville, just off of Cascade Drive. One depicts the Fort Rains (the "Middle Blockhouse") of the Columbia River, and the other depicts the "Regulator", one of the Sternwheelers which made the journey from the Bonneville Dam to The Dalles, Oregon.


North Bonneville Murals

  • Fort Rains or "Middle Blockhouse" ...
  • Sternwheeler "Regulator" ...


Fort Rains or "Middle Blockhouse" ...
To defend the "Middle Cascades", in October 1855 the U.S. Army built a blockhouse called "Fort Rains" (also seen spelled "Raines"). The location of this structure was on the north bank of the Columbia at the lower end of the portage around the Cascade Rapids, just above the present location of the Bonneville Dam and below the Bridge of the Gods and Sheridan Point. Fort Rains was known as the "Middle Blockhouse". Fort Rains was named for Major Gabriel Rains, under whose orders the fort was built.
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Image, 2014, North Bonneville, Washington click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Blockhouse Mural, North Bonneville, Washington. Image taken April 7, 2014.
Image, 2012, North Bonneville, Washington click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Blockhouse Mural, North Bonneville, Washington. Image taken January 3, 2012.


Sternwheeler "Regulator" ...
The "Regulator" was a sternwheeler built in 1891 (rebuilt in 1899 with a larger and heavier hull) and used to navigate the Columbia River between the Cascade Rapids to The Dalles.
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Image, 2014, North Bonneville, Washington click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
"Regulator", Mural, North Bonneville, Washington. Image taken April 7, 2014.
Image, 2012, North Bonneville, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Mural depicting the "Regulator", North Bonneville, Washington. The basalts of Cape Horn are in the background. Image taken January 3, 2012.
Image, 2012, North Bonneville, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Salmon border, mural depicting the "Regulator", North Bonneville, Washington. Image taken January 3, 2012.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, November 2, 1805 ...
Examined the rapid below us [from their camp at Fort Rains, looking at the Cascade Rapids] more pertcelarly the danger appearing too great to Hazzard our Canoes loaded, dispatched all the men who could not Swim with loads to the end of the portage below, I also walked to the end of the portage with the carriers where I delayed untill everry articles was brought over and canoes arrived Safe. here we brackfast and took a Meridn. altitude 59 45' 45" about the time we were Setting out 7 Squars came over loaded with Dried fish, and bear grass neetly bundled up, Soon after 4 Indian men came down over the rapid in a large canoe.     passed a rapid at 2 miles & 1 at 4 miles opposite the lower point of a high Island on the Lard Side [Bradford Island], and a little below 4 Houses on the Stard. Bank, a Small Creek on the Lard Side [Tanner Creek] opposit Straw berry Island [Hamilton Island], which heads below the last rapid, opposit the lower point of this Island [Hamilton Island] passed three Islands covered with tall timber [today there are two, Ives and Pierce] opposit the Beatin rock [Beacon Rock]    Those Islands are nearest the Starboard Side, imediately below on the Stard. Side passed a village of nine houses [indentified on Atlas map#79 as the "Wah-clallah Tribe of Shahala Nation", location near today's Skamania and Skamania Landing], which is Situated between 2 Small Creeks [Woodard Creek and Duncan Creek], and are of the Same construction of those above; here the river widens to near a mile, and the bottoms are more extensive and thickly timbered, as also the high mountains on each Side, with Pine, Spruce pine, Cotton wood, a Species of ash, and alder.     at 17 miles passed a rock near the middle of the river [Phoca Rock], about 100 feet high and 80 feet Diamuter,     proceed on down a Smoth gentle Stream of about 2 miles wide, in which the tide has its effect as high as the Beaten rock [Beacon Rock] or the Last rapids at Strawberry Island [Hamilton Island],- Saw great numbers of waterfowl of Different kinds, Such as Swan, Geese, white & grey brants, ducks of various kinds, Guls, & Pleaver [today just below Beacon Rock is Franz National Wildlife Refuge]. ...     we encamped under a high projecting rock on the Lard. Side [Rooster Rock, with Crown Point rising above it],     here the mountains leave the river on each Side [leaving the Columbia River Gorge, Steigerwald Land NWR is on the north and the Sandy River delta is on the south], which from the great Shute to this place is high and rugid [Columbia River Gorge]; thickly Covered with timber principalley of the Pine Species. The bottoms below appear extensive and thickly Covered with wood.     river here about 2 miles wide.     Seven Indians in a Canoe on their way down to trade with the nativs below, encamp with us, those we left at the portage passed us this evening and proceeded on down The ebb tide rose here about 9 Inches, the flood tide must rise here much higher- we made 29 miles to day from the Great Shute [Cascade Locks]-






Clark, April 10, 1806 ...
Collins went out in the bottom to hunt [on the Oregon side of the Columbia in the Bonneville Dam area] agreeable to the order of last evening, and gibsons Crew was derected to delay for Collins dureing which time they were derected to Collect rozin from the pines in the bottom near our Camp [near Tanner Creek]     at 6 A M. we Set out and proceeded to the lower point of the Island [Bradford Island]    from whence we were Compelled to draw our Canoes up a rapid for about 1/4 mile which we Soon performed. Collins & gibson haveing not yet Come over we derected Serjt. Pryor to delay on the Island untill Gibson Came over & assist him with the large toe roap which we also left and to join us at a village of four houses of the Clah-lah-lar Tribe which is opposit to this Island on North Side at which place we intened to brackfast [vicinity of today's North Bonneville].    in crossing the River which at this place is not more than 400 yards wide we fell down a great distance owing to the rapidity of the Current. ...    at 10 oClock Sergt. Pryor and Gibson joined us with Collins who had killed 3 deer. these were all of the blacktailed fallow kind. We Set out and Continued up on the N. Side of the river with great dificuelty in Consequence of the Rapidity of the Current and the large rocks which forms this Shore; the South Side of the river is impassable. [On the Oregon side is the Eagle Creek and Ruckel Creek drainages, neither of which was mentioned in the Journals.]

As we had but one Sufficent toe roap and were obliged to employ the Cord in getting on our Canoes the greater part of the way we could only take them one at a time which retarded our progress very much. by evening we arived at the portage on the N. Side [Fort Rains] where we landed and Conveyed our baggage to the top of the hill about 200 paces distant where we found [formd?] a Camp. we had the Canoes drawn on Shore and Secured. the Small Canoe got loose from the hunters and went adrift with a tin cup & a tomahawk in her; the Indians Caught her at the last Village and brought her up to us this evening for which we gave them two knives; the Canoe overset and lost the articles which were in her..





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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:   

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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Images are NOT to be downloaded from this website.
January 2012