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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Nicolai Ridge and Nicolai Mountain, Oregon"
Includes ... Nicolai Ridge ... Nicolai Mountain ...
Image, 2012, Brownsmead, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Nicolai Ridge near Wauna, Oregon. View from moving car. Image taken September 22, 2012.


Nicolai Ridge ...
Nicolai Ridge is a basalt ridge on the Oregon side of the Columbia River which was undercut by Missoula flood erosion, resulting in a steep north face towering over Westport and Wauna. Bradley State Wayside, downstream of Wauna, sits upon this ridge and provides great views of the Columbia River and Puget Island. Nicolai Ridge is part of the long range of hills known as Clatsop Crest.

Nicolai Mountain ...
Nicolai Mountain is a highpoint along Nicolai Ridge and once the home to an Oregon Department of Forestry fire lookout tower. Gnat Creek heads on Nicolai Mountain before merging with Blind Slough on the Clatskanie/Beaver Slough floodplain.

Nicolai Ridge and Nicolai Mountain ...
Nicolai Ridge and Nicolai Mountain were named for the Nicolai brothers who came to Oregon in the 1860s. In 1868 they started a sawmill in Beaver Valley, south of Rainier, and later on they established the Nicolai Door Company and Nicolai-Neppach Company, a custom millwork operation in Portland. Nicolai Mountain is located on the south end of Nicolai Ridge.

Nicolai Mountain Lookout ...
Nicolai Mountain was once home to an Oregon Department of Forestry fire lookout. According to the "firetower.org" website (2016):

"A 70-foot crowns nest lookout was built in 1939. This was replaced in 1951 with a 45-foot wooden linve-in tower, which was abandoned in 1965 and removed in 1994."

View from Bradley State Wayside (Nicolai Ridge) ...

Image, 2005, Columbia River looking upstream from Bradley Wayside, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
View upstream from Bradley State Wayside on Nicolai Ridge. Puget Island and Coffee Pot Island, can be seen from Bradley State Wayside. Bradley State Wayside sits on Nicolai Ridge. Image taken April 19, 2005.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, March 25, 1806 ...
Last night and this morning are cool wend hard a head and tide going out, after an early brackfast we proceeded on [from their camp near Aldrich Point] about 4 miles and came too on the south side to worm and dry our Selves a little. Soon after we had landed two Indians Came from a War kia cum village on the opposite Side with 2 dogs and a fiew Wappato to Sell neither of which we bought. Som Clatsops passed down in a Canoe loaded with fish and Wappato. as the wind was hard a head and tide against us we Concluded to delay untill the return of the tide which we expected at 1 oClock, at which hour we Set out ...     we crossed over to an Island [Puget Island] on which was a Cath lahmah fishing Camp of one Lodge; here we found <one> 3 man two woman and a couple of boys who must have for Some time for the purpose of taking Sturgeon which they do by trolling. they had 10 or 12 very fine Sturgeon which had not been long taken; [White Sturgeon] ...     we remained at this place about half an hour and then Continued our rout. the winds in the evening was verry hard, it was with Some dificuelty that we Could find a Spot proper for an encampment, the Shore being a Swamp for Several miles back; at length late in the evening opposit to the place we had encamped on the 6th of Novr. last [near Cape Horn, Wahkiakum County]; we fouond the enterance of a Small Creek [one of the many mouths/sloughs/drainages of the Clatskanie River system, near Wallace Island and Wallace Slough] which offered us a Safe harbour from the Winds and Encamped. the Ground was low and moist tho' we obtained a tolerable encampment. here we found another party of Cathlahmahs about 10 in number, who had established a temporary residence for the purpose of fishing and takeing Seal ...     here we found Drewyer and the 2 Fields' who had been Seperated from us Since Morning; they had passed on the North Side of the large Island [Puget Island] which was much nearest. the bottom lands are Covered with a Species of Arspine, the Growth with a broad leaf which resembles ash except the leaf. the under brush red willow, broad leafed Willow, Seven bark, Goose berry, Green bryor, and the larged leaf thorn; the latter is Now in blume, the nativs inform us that it bears a <leaf> fruit about an Inch in diamieter which is a good to eate. the red willow and 7 bark begin to put foth their leaves. The green bryor which I have before mentioned retains leaves all winter. made 15 Miles.



Lewis, March 25, 1806 ...
The morning being disagreeably cold we remained and took breakfast. at 7 A. M. we set out [from their camp near Aldrich Point] and continued our rout along the South Coast of the river against the wind and a strong current, our progress was of course but slow. at noon we halted and dined. ...     after dinner we passed the river to a large Island [Puget Island] 2 and continued our rout allong the side of the same about a mile when we arrived at a Cathlahmah fishing cam of one lodge; here we found 3 men 2 women and a couple of boys, ...     they had a good stock of fish on board, but did not seem disposed to sell them. we remained at this place [Puget Island] about half an hour and then continued our rout up the Island to it's head and passed to the south side. the wind in the evening was very hard. it was with some difficulty that we could find a spot proper for an encampment, the shore being a swamp for several miles back; at length late in the evening opposite to the place we had encamped on the 6th of November last [Cape Horn, Wahkiakum County]; we found the entrance of a small creek [one of the many mouths/sloughs of the Clatskanie River system] which afforded us a safe harbour from the wind and encamped. the ground was low and moist tho' we obtained a tolerable encampment. here we found another party of Cathlahmahs about 10 in number who had established a temperary residence for the purpose of fishing and taking seal. ...   :  here we found Drewyer and the Feildses who had been seperated from us since morning; they had passed on the North side of the large Island [Puget Island] which was much nearer. the bottom lands are covered with cottonwood, the growth with a broad leaf which resembles ash except the leaf. the underbrush red willow, broad leafed willow, sevenbark, goosburry, green bryer & the larged leafed thorn; the latter is now in bloom; the natives inform us that it bears a freut about an inch in diameter which is good to eat.-




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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:    Allen, J.E., and Burns, M., 1986, Cataclysms on the Columbia, Timber Press, Oregon; McArthur, L.A., and McArthur, L.L., 2003, Oregon Geographic Names, Oregon Historical Society Press, Portland;    "firetower.org" website, 2016;    Oregon Department of Forestry website, 2016;   

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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September 2012