Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Haystack Butte, Washington"
Includes ... Haystack Butte ... Campsite of April 21, 1806 ...
Image, 2005, Haystack Butte from the Celilo area, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Haystack Butte, Washington, as seen from the Celilo area, Oregon. View from old Oregon 30 between Celilo and the Deschutes River. Image taken May 24, 2005.


Haystack Butte ...
Haystack Butte is located on the north banks of the Columbia River at River Mile (RM) 205, approximately 3 miles downstream of the Maryhill Museum, and directly across from Miller Island and the mouth of the Deschutes River. Haystack Butte is part of the Columbia Hills, an anticline of the Columbia River Basalt Group (CRBG).

Lewis and Clark and Haystack Butte ...
Lewis and Clark and the majority of the men spent the night of April 21, 1806, on the Washington side of the Columbia River two miles upstream of Wishram at the base of Haystack Butte.

Campsite of April 21, 1806 ...
Lewis and Clark and the majority of the men spent the night of April 21, 1806, on the Washington side of the Columbia River two miles upstream of Wishram at the base of Haystack Butte, across from the lower tip of Miller Island and the mouth of the Deschutes River. In these passages Captain Lewis refers to the Deschutes as "Clark's River" and Captain Clark refers to it by the Indian name, the "To war nah hi ooks" River.

"... a 4 P M loaded up & Set out     the Canoes also proceed on about 3 miles opposit to the Mouth of Clarks river, and an Indian man who has attached himself to us ... he told us that as the day was far Spent we had better Camp at a village of 9 Lodges a little off the road opsd. the River C--- Clarks     This river has a great falls above 2 forks on its West Side.     we formed a Camp ..." [Clark, April 21, 1806, first draft]

"... after dinner we proceeded on about 4 Miles to a Village of 9 Mat Lodges of the Enesher, a little below the enterance of To war nah hi ooks river and encamped: one of the Canoes joined us, the other not haveing observed us halt continued on. ..." [Clark, April 21, 1806]

On the night of April 21, 1806, Patrick Gass and three other men did not make the river crossing to rejoin the main group. They camped on the Oregon side of the Columbia, upstream of the mouth of the Deschutes River, closer to today's John Day Dam.

Lewis and Clark's campsite of April 22, 1806 was upstream of the John Day Dam and across from the mouth of the John Day River.


Views ...

Image, 2012, Columbia Hills downstream from Maryhill, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Haystack Butte (Columbia Hills) downstream of Maryhill area, Washington. View from Oregon Interstate 84. Image taken June 6, 2012.
Image, 2014, Haystack Butte as seen from the Deschutes River, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Haystack Butte, Washington, as seen from the Deschutes River, Oregon. Image taken May 12, 2014.
Image, 2013, Haystack Butte from Celilo Park, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Haystack Butte, Washington, as seen from Celilo Park, Oregon. Lewis and Clark's campsite of April 21 was approximately 2 miles upstream of Wishram, at the base of Haystack Butte. Image taken February 8, 2013.


Captain Clark from Haystack Butte ...
On April 22, 1806, as the men set off from their camp at the base of Haystack Butte, one of their horses bolted resulting in a delay of Captain Lewis and some of the men.

"... we had not arived at the top of the hill which is 200 feet before Shabonos horse threw off his load and went with great Speed down the hill to the Village where he disengaged himself of his Saddle & the robe which was under it, the Indians hid the robe and delayed Capt. Lewis and the rear party ..." [Clark, April 22, 1806]

While waiting Captain Clark climbed up a "high hill" and viewed not only the Deschutes River but also Mount Hood, Mount Jefferson, and snow on the Cascade Range.

"... dureing the time the front of the party was waiting for Cap Lewis, I assended a high hill from which I could plainly See the range of Mountains which runs South from Mt. Hood as far as I could See. I also discovered the top of Mt. Jefferson which is Covered with Snow and is S 10o W. Mt. Hood is S. 30o W.     the range of mountains are Covered with timber and also Mt Hood to a sertain hite. The range of Mountains has Snow on them. I also discovered some timbered land in a S. derection from me, Short of the mountains. Clarks river which mouthes imedeately opposit to me forks at about 18 or 20 miles, the West fork runs to the Mt Hood and the main branch Runs from S.E. ..." [Clark, April 22, 1806]

Image, 2005, Mouth of the Deschutes River, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Mouth of the Deschutes River, Oregon. View from Washington State Highway 14 in the Haystack Butte vicinity, near the April 21, 1806 campsite of Lewis and Clark. Miller Island is tip in lower left corner. Image taken May 24, 2005.
Image, 2005, Celilo area and Mount Hood, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Celilo area and Mount Hood, Oregon. From Washington State Highway 14, near Haystack Butte, looking down on the Oregon Trunk Line Railroad, Celilo area. Mount Hood, Oregon, shows in the notch of the Fairbanks Water Gap. Image taken May 24, 2005.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, April 21, 1806 ...
at 12 oClock the advance of the party from below arived [Lewis and Clark each were traveling in different groups as Clark was looking to purchase horses] and Soon after the Canoes all things were taken above the falls & 2 Canoes, turned out the horss and Cooked & Eat 2 dogs which we purchased of the nativs, ...     a 4 P M loaded up & Set out the Cnoes also proceed on about 3 miles opposit to the Mouth of Clarks river [Deschutes River] , and an Indian man who has attached himself to us and who has lent us a horse to pack & lies near the Rocky mountains. he told us that as the day was far Spent we had better Camp at a village of 9 Lodges a little off the road opsd. the River Có Clarks [Deschutes River] This river has a great falls above 2 forks on its West Side. we formed a Camp [Haystack Butte area]



Lewis, April 21, 1806 ...
we took breakfast and departed a few minutes after 10 OClock. having nine horses loaded and one which Bratton rode not being able as yet to march; the two canoes I had dispatched early this morning. at 1 P. M. I arrived at the Enesher Village where I found Capt Clark and party; he had not purchased a single horse. ...    we soon made the portage with our canoes and baggage and halted about 1/2 a mile above the Village where we graized our horses and took dinner on some dogs which we purchased of these people. after dinner we proceeded on about four miles to a village of 9 mat lodges of the Enesher a little below the entrance of Clark's river [Deschutes River] and encamped [Haystack Butte area]; one of the canoes joined us the other not observing us halt continued on.





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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:   

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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Images are NOT to be downloaded from this website.
February 2013