Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington"
Includes ... Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center ... Stevenson, Washington ... Rock Cove ...
Image, 2004, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington, click to enlarge
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Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken November 4, 2004.


Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center ...
The Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, located on the western edge of Rock Cove, is the nonprofit museum of the Skamania County Historical Society, and is dedicated to preserving, exhibiting and interpreting the cultural and natural history of the Columbia River Gorge. The center is located on Rock Creek Drive, in Stevenson, Washington.

Image, 2004, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington, click to enlarge
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Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken November 4, 2004.
Image, 2005, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington, click to enlarge
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Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. SP&S Engine 802 and SP&S Caboose 701 can be seen outside of the museum building. View from Washington State Highway 14. Image taken June 19, 2005.


Some of the Exhibits

  • "Bailey Gatzert", Columbia River sternwheeler ...
  • Birds of Lewis and Clark ...
  • Blockhouses ... Fort Cascades, Fort Rains, and Fort Lugenbeel ...
  • Broughton Flume ...
  • Cape Horn Winery ...
  • Clahclehlah Village ...
  • Corliss Engine ...
  • Curtiss Jenny ...
  • Donkey Engine ...
  • "Eva Jane", ferry boat Stevenson to Cascade Locks ...
  • Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) "Mystery Rock" ...
  • Jefferson Peace Medal ...
  • McCord Fishwheel replica ...
  • Petroglyphs ...
  • Quilt, 1880 embroidered quilt ...
  • Quilt, U.S. Bi-centennial Quilt ...
  • Quilt, Washington State Centennial Quilt ...
  • SP&S Engine 802 and SP&S Caboose 701 ...
  • Warren Salmon Cannery, Warrendale ...
  • WWII Pillbox ...

"Bailey Gatzert", Columbia River Sternwheeler ...
While built in 1890, it wasn't until 1892 that the steamer "Bailey Gatzert" arrived on the Columbia River. The "Bailey Gatzert" was the first steamer built to carry passengers, as previous steamers going up and down the Columbia River Gorge area were primarily built for carrying freight. During the 1905 Lewis and Clark Exposition, the "Bailey Gatzert" made twice-daily runs from Portland to Cascade Locks. A model of the "Bailey Gatzert", plus her name board, whistle, and pilot wheel can be seen at the museum.

[More Steamboats and Sternwheelers of the Columbia River]

Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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Exhibit, Name board of the "Bailey Gatzert", sternwheeler on the Columbia. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.
Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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Exhibit, Model of the "Bailey Gatzert", sternwheeler on the Columbia. The "Bailey Gatzert's" pilot wheel can be seen in the background. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.
Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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Exhibit, Poster of the "Bailey Gatzert", sternwheeler on the Columbia. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.


Birds of Lewis and Clark ...
Woodcarvings by the Feather & Quill Carvers of Vancouver, Washington, created for the Bicentennial Commemoration of the Lewis and Clark Expedition.

[More Birds of Lewis and Clark]


Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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Carving, Common Raven, Birds of Lewis and Clark exhibit. Black-billed Magpie is also shown. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.


Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
Information sign,
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Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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Carving, Mountain Quail, Birds of Lewis and Clark exhibit. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.


Blockhouses ...
Throughout history four different forts or blockhouses existed along a rough stretch of the Columbia River Gorge between Hamilton Island and Cascades Locks, an area known as the "Cascade Rapids". The first fort was Fort Gilliam, was established in 1848. It was located at the portage and used as a supply depot. Next came Fort Cascades, built in 1855 at the lower end of the rapids. It was built to defend the portage. Next came Fort Rains, located at the lower end of the portage around the "Upper Cascades". The last fort built was Fort Lugenbeel, located at the upper end of the Cascade Rapids section. Today, Fort Rains and Fort Lugenbeel, and the earlier Fort Gilliam, exist only as archaeological sites on present U.S. Army Corp of Engineer land. The location of Fort Cascades can be seen on the interpretive trail at the Fort Cascades Historic Site on Hamilton Island.

[More Blockhouses (Forts) of the Cascade Rapids]

Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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Model, Fort Cascades. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Note: sign leaning on model is not correct sign. Image taken July 15, 2011.


Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
Information sign,
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Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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Model, Fort Rains, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Note: sign leaning on model is not correct sign. Image taken July 15, 2011.


Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
Information sign,
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Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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Model, Fort Lugenbeel. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.


Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
Information sign,
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Broughton Flume ...
[More Broughton Flume]

Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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Section of the Broughton Flume. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.


Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
Information sign,
Click image to enlarge
Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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Section of the Broughton Flume. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.


Cape Horn Winery ...
The Cape Horn Winery was located at the west end of Skamania County in the community of Cape Horn. This bottle is the only known bottle to still exist, ca.1936.

[More Cape Horn]


Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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Bottle, Blackberry Wine, Cape Horn Winery exhibit. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.


Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
Information sign,
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Clahclehlah Village ...
Located in the vicinity of today's North Bonneville, Washington, Lewis and Clark made mention of this village in their journals, both on the downstream journey (October 31, 1805) and on their return (April 10, 1806). They stopped at the village for breakfast on April 10th.

Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Model, Clahclehlah Village exhibit. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.


Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
Information sign,
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Curtiss Jenny ...
According to the Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center website (2014):

"... Suspended from the ceiling is a 1917 Curtiss JN-4 or "Jenny" bi-plane, typical of the first airplanes that delivered air mail in the Gorge. The Jenny is on loan from the Wally Olson Family Trust. ..."

Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
1917 Curtiss Jenny exhibit. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.
Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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1917 Curtiss Jenny exhibit. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.
Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
1917 Curtiss Jenny exhibit. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.


Corliss Engine ...
According to the Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center website (2014):

"... The Corliss stationary steam engine was used to provide energy to run a local sawmill from the turn of the century to 1949. The engine was made in 1895 and has 1,200 linear feet of continuous rope drive, a 16-foot flywheel and a single piston. The engine weights 32 tons. ..."

The boiler for the Corliss engine is rusting away on the other side of Rock Cove. It can be seen next to the Stevenson Skatepark.

"The Corliss Engine became in 1876 the most famous exhibit in Philadelphia at the American Centennial Exposition. The steam engine enthralled visitors.

This Corliss Engine drove the saws, saw carriages and conveyors at the Storey-Keeler Lumber Mill in Cascade Locks. The Mid-Columbia Lumber Company moved the engine in 1926 to Washington. Wilhelm J. Birkenfeld acquired it in 1941 for the Carson Lumber Company. His workers cut cants for decking World War II "Baby Flatop" ships and material for dams on the Columbia. Birdenfeld's family in 1975 presented the engine to Skamania County as a memorial to him and the industry of the Gorge."

Source:    Information sign, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, 2011.


Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Corliss Engine exhibit. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.


Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
Information sign,
Click image to enlarge
Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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Wind River Lumber Company, 1907, Corliss Engine exhibit. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.


Donkey Engine ...
Built by the Washington Iron Works, Seattle.

Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Model, Donkey Engine exhibit. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.
Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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Model, Donkey Engine exhibit. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.


"Eva Jane", Ferry boat, Stevenson to Cascade Locks ...
During the late 1800s and early 1900s the ferry "Eva Jane" made the trip from Stevenson, Washington, to Cascade Locks, Oregon.

Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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Exhibit, Pilot wheel of the ferry "Eva Jane". Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.


Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
Information sign,
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Hudson's Bay Company's (HBC) "Mystery Rock" ...
From the "mystery rock" information sign:   "In 1923 a road crew pulled the Skamania County "mystery rock" from the Government Slide near the Cascades. For decades the stone stood near the entrance to Stevenson High School. Its inscription -- "HBCo[y] 1811" -- remained unexplained. Retired attorney David Swart, a man deeply interested in the early fur trade, believes the stone marks the expedition of Joseph Howse. In 1810-11 Howse led a party of seventeen men across the Rockies and descended the Columbia River to at least this point more than six months before the well-known explorer David Thompson. Unfortunately neither Howse's journal nor letters written by him were preserved; Thompson's survived."

[More Hudson's Bay Company]

Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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Exhibit, Hudson's Bay Company's (HBC) "Mystery Rock". Rock is behind glass showcase. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.


Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
Information sign,
Click image to enlarge
Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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Exhibit, Enhanced image of "H B C 1811", Hudson's Bay Company's (HBC) "Mystery Rock". Rock is behind glass showcase. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.


Jefferson Peace Medal ...
[More]

Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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Reverse, Jefferson Peace Medal replica, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.


McCord Fishwheel Replica ...
The McCord Fishwheel located in the Center's main exhibit room is a replica of the McCord wheel built in 1882 on the south side of Bradford Island, the third one built on the Columbia. This wheel was soon joined by seventy-plus more built on both banks of the river from The Dalles to North Bonneville.

Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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Exhibit, McCord FIshwheel. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.


Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
Information sign,
Click image to enlarge
Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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Exhibit, McCord FIshwheel. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.
Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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Exhibit, McCord FIshwheel. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.
Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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Exhibit, McCord Fishwheel photograph. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.


Petroglyphs ...
Columbia River Petroglyphs, donors: Richard and Marilynn Weaver, Stevenson, Washington.
[More]

Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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Exhibit, petroglyphs. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.


Quilt ... 1880 Embroidered Quilt ...
"1880. Embroidered Quilt. Original design made by the mother of the doners, Johanah Kanikkeberg Wineberg. She married John P. Wineberg in 1900 and they raised their family in Stevenson. Note no two squares are alike. It was converted to a bedspread in 1972. Donors: Anah, Helen, and William Wineberg. Acc#1977:23." [Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center exhibit, July 15, 2011]

Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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1880 embroidered quilt. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.


Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
Information sign,
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Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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1880 embroidered quilt. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.
Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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1880 embroidered quilt. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.


Quilts ... U.S. Bi-centennial and Washington State Centennial ...
Made by local residents.

Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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U.S. Bi-centennial and Washington State Centennial Quilts. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.
Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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U.S. Bi-centennial Quilt. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.
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Quilt block, Bailey Gatzert, U.S. Bi-centennial Quilt. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.
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Quilt block, fishwheel on the Columbia, U.S. Bi-centennial Quilt. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.
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Washington State Centennial Quilt. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.
Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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Quilt block, Mount St. Helens and Spirit Lake. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.


SP&S Engine 802 and SP&S Caboose 701 ...
Spokane, Portland, and Seattle (SP&S) Engine 802 and SP&S Caboose 701 can be seen outside of the Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center museum building.

[More Trains and Tracks]

Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
SP&S Engine 802 and SP&S Caboose 701. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.


Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
Information sign,
Click image to enlarge
Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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SP&S Engine 802. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.
Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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SP&S Engine 802. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.
Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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SP&S Engine 802. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.
Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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SP&S Caboose 701. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.


Warren Salmon Cannery, Warrendale ...
By 1881, thirty-five salmon canneries had been established on the Columbia River. One of these canneries was built by Frank Warren at Warrendale, Oregon.

[More]


Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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Warren Salmon Cannery, Warrendale, Oregon. Image shows two steamships, the "Dalles City" and the "Tahoma" docking at the Warren Cannery docks. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.


WWII Pill Box ...
Several pill boxes like this one dotted the Bonneville Dam site during WWII. They were manned by armed U.S. Army guards while U.S. Coast Guard patrolled the river above and below the Dam. Bonneville Dam was considered at high risk, a likely target for enemy saboteurs, since it powered the shipyards in Portland, Oregon, ca.1940. The Pillbox on display outside the Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center museum building was donated by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.

Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
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WWII Pillbox. Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, Stevenson, Washington. Image taken July 15, 2011.


Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, click to enlarge
Information sign,
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From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, October 30, 1805 ...
A cool morning, a moderate rain all the last night, after eating a partial brackfast of venison we Set out [from their camp near Drano Lake and the Little White Salmon River]     passed Several places where the rocks projected into the river & have the appearance of haveing Seperated from the mountains and fallen promiscuisly into the river, Small nitches are formed in the banks below those projecting rocks which is comon in this part of the river, Saw 4 Cascades caused by Small Streams falling from the mountains on the Lard. Side,

[The possiblities in a two-mile area are - upstream to downstream - Starvation Creek and Falls, the seasonal Cabin Creek and Falls, Warren Creek and Falls, Wonder Creek and Lancaster Falls, Lindsey Creek and Falls, and Summit Creek and Falls.]

a remarkable circumstance in this part of the river is, the Stumps of pine trees [Submerged Forest]

[The Submerged Forest existed along the reach from above Dog Mountain/Viento Creek on the upstream edge and Wind Mountain/Shellrock Mountain on the downstream edge.]

are in maney places are at Some distance in the river, and gives every appearance of the rivers being damed up below from Some cause which I am not at this time acquainted with [Bonneville Landslide],     the Current of the river is also verry jentle not exceeding 1 1/2 mile pr. hour and about 3/4 of a mile in width. Some rain, we landed above the mouth of a Small river on the Stard. Side [Wind River] and Dined ...   :  here the river widens to about one mile large Sand bar in the middle, a Great [rock] both in and out of the water, large <round> Stones, or rocks are also permiscuisly Scattered about in the river, ...     this day we Saw Some fiew of the large Buzzard    Capt. Lewis Shot at one, those Buzzards are much larger than any other of ther Spece or the largest Eagle white under part of their wings &c. [California Condor] ...     The bottoms above the mouth of this little river [Wind River] <which we Call> is rich covered with grass & firn & is about 3/4 of a mile wide rich and rises gradually, below the river (which is 60 yards wide above its mouth) the Countery rises with Steep assent. we call this little river <fr Ash> New Timbered river from a Speces of Ash <that wood> which grows on its banks of a verry large and different from any we had before Seen, and a timber resembling the beech in bark <& groth> but different in its leaf which is Smaller and the tree smaller. passed maney large rocks in the river and a large creek on the Stard. Side in the mouth of which is an Island [Rock Creek near Stevenson, Washington], passed on the right of 3 Islands <on> near the Stard. Side, and landed on an Island close under the Stard. Side at the head of the great Shute [head of the Cascades Rapids], and a little below a village of 8 large houses on a Deep bend on the Stard. Side, and opposit 2 Small Islands imediately in the head of the Shute, which Islands are covered with Pine, maney large rocks also, in the head of the Shute. Ponds back of the houses, and Countrey low for a Short distance. The day proved Cloudy dark and disagreeable with Some rain all day which kept us wet. The Countary a high mountain on each Side thickly Covered with timber, Such as Spruc, Pine, Cedar, Oake Cotton &c. &c.     I took two men and walked down three miles to examine the Shute and river below proceeded along an old Indian path, passd. an old village at 1 mile [vicinity of Ice House Lake] ...     I found by examonation that we must make a portage of the greater perpotion of our Stores 2 1/2 miles, and the Canoes we Could haul over the rocks, I returned at Dark ...     a wet disagreeable evening, the only wood we could get to burn on this little Island on which we have encamped [near Ashes Lake, the island is now under the waters of the Bonneville Reservoir. Ashes Lake was near the head of the Cascade Rapids. Across from Ashes Lake is Cascade Locks, Oregon.] is the newly discovered Ash, which makes a tolerable fire. we made fifteen miles to daye






Clark, April 13, 1806 ...
The loss of one of our large Canoes rendered it necessary to divide the loading and men of that Canoe between the remaining four, which was done and we loaded and Set out at 8 oClock A. M. [from their camp near Ashes Lake]     passed the village imediately above the rapids where only one house remains entire the other 8 haveing been taken down and moved to the opposit Side of the Columbia [downstream of Rock Creek and Stevenson, Washington] ...     Capt. Lewis with 2 of the Smallest Canoes of Sergt. Pryor & gibson and Crossed above the Rapids [Cascade Rapids] to the Village on the S E Side [east of Cascade Locks] with a view to purchase a Canoe of the nativs if possible. ...     I with the two large Canoes proceeded on up the N. W. Side with the intention of gitting to the Encampment of our hunters who was derected to hunt in the bottom above Crusats River [Wind River], and there wait the arrival of Capt. Lewis. I proceeded on to the bottom in which I expected to find the hunters but Could See nothing of them. the wind rose and raised the wavs to Such a hight that I could not proceed any further. we landed and I sent out Shields and Colter to hunt; Shields Shot two deer but Could get neither of them. I walkd. to Crusats river [Wind River] and up it a mile on my return to the party found that the wind had lulled and as we Could See nothing of our hunters. I deturmined to proceed on to the next bottom where I thought it probable they had halted at passed 2 P M Set out and proceeded on to the bottom 6 miles and halted at the next bottom formed a Camp and Sent out all the hunters [near Dog Mountain, between Collins Creek and Dog Creek].     I also walked out my self on the hills but saw nothing. on my return found Capt. Lewis at Camp with two canoes which he had purchased at the Y-ep-huh ...

I was convinced that the hunters must have been up River Cruzatt [Wind River]. despatched Sergt. Pryor with 2 men in a Canoe, with directions to assend Crusats River [Wind River] and if he found the hunters to assist them in with the meat. Jo: Shields returned about Sunset with two deer which he had killed, those were of the Black tail fallow Deer. <the> there appears to be no other Species of Deer in those mountains. We proceeded on 12 miles.





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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:    Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center, 2011;    Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center website, 2006;    Norhtwest Power and Conservation Council website, 2006;    Waterfalls of the Pacific Northwest website, 2006;   

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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July 2011