Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon"
Includes ... Columbia Gorge Discovery Center ... The Dalles, Oregon ... California Condor ... "Running Fruit Ladders" ... Crates Point ... Rocky Island ...
Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken October 6, 2011.


Columbia Gorge Discovery Center ...
The Columbia Gorge Discovery Center and Wasco County Historical Museum is located in The Dalles, Oregon just east of Crates Point.

Image, 2005, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, click to enlarge
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Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken June 4, 2005.
Image, 2005, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, click to enlarge
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Wagon, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken June 4, 2005.
Image, 2005, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, click to enlarge
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Covered Wagon, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken June 4, 2005.


Inside ...

Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Inside, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken October 6, 2011.
Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Inside, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken October 6, 2011.


Kids Explorer Room ...

Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Kids Explorer Room, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 8, 2013.
Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Kids Explorer Room, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 8, 2013.
Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon,  click to enlarge
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Corps of Discovery Barge, Kids Explorer Room, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 8, 2013.


Some of the Exhibits

  • California Condor ...
  • "Harvest Queen" ...
  • Ice Age ...
  • Lewis and Clark ...
  • Lewis and Clark, Cedar Dugout Canoe ...
  • Live Raptors ...
  • "Oneonta" ...
  • Oregon Trail "Land Route" ...
  • Oregon Trail "River Route" ...
  • Running Fruit Ladders ...
  • Sternwheelers on the Upper Columbia ...
  • The Dalles Street Scene ...
  • Umatilla House ...
  • Views from the Discovery Center ...

California Condor ...

Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
California Condor, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken October 6, 2011.
Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
California Condor, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken October 6, 2011.
Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon,  click to enlarge
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California Condor, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 8, 2013.


"Harvest Queen" ...
There were two "Harvest Queen's" on the Columbia in the years of the steamers. The first "Harvest Queen" was built in Celilo in 1878 and dismantled in 1899. She was one of four steamers ("Dallas City", "Harvest Queen", "Maria", and the "Sarah Dixon") to go through the Cascade Locks when it opened on November 5, 1896. The second "Harvest Queen" was built in 1900 and operated until 1927. In 1921 this "Harvest Queen" was the last steamer to run from Portland to Astoria.

Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon,  click to enlarge
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Model, "Harvest Queen", Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. The "Harvest Queen" was one of four steamers to go through the Cascade Locks on opening day in 1896. Image taken May 8, 2013.


Ice Age ...

Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon,  click to enlarge
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Columbian mammoth, Ice Age exhibit, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 8, 2013.

The Ice Age exhibit includes a life-size 13-foot Columbian mammoth.
Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon,  click to enlarge
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Short-faced Bear and Black Bear skulls, Ice Age exhibit, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 8, 2013.


Lewis and Clark ...

Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon,  click to enlarge
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Display, Lewis and Clark exhibit, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 8, 2013.
Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon,  click to enlarge
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Display, Lewis and Clark exhibit, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 8, 2013.
Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon,  click to enlarge
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Lead canisters, Lewis and Clark exhibit, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 8, 2013.


Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
Information sign,
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Lewis and Clark, Cedar Dugout Canoe ...

Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon,  click to enlarge
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Cedar Dugout Canoe, Lewis and Clark exhibit, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 8, 2013.


Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
Information sign,
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Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon,  click to enlarge
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Cedar Dugout Canoe, Lewis and Clark exhibit, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 8, 2013.
Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon,  click to enlarge
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Cedar Dugout Canoe, Lewis and Clark exhibit, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 8, 2013.
Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon,  click to enlarge
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Cedar Dugout Canoe, Lewis and Clark exhibit, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 8, 2013.


Live Raptors ...

Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
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American Kestrel, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken October 6, 2011.
Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon,  click to enlarge
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Red-tailed Hawk, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 8, 2013.
Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon,  click to enlarge
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Red-tailed Hawk, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 8, 2013.
Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon,  click to enlarge
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Great Horned Owl, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 8, 2013.
Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon,  click to enlarge
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Great Horned Owl, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 8, 2013.
Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon,  click to enlarge
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Rough-legged Hawk, dark morph, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 8, 2013.


"Oneonta" ...
The "Oneonta" was a Mississippi-river-boat-style side-wheeler built in 1863 by Samuel Forman for the Oregon Steam Navigation Company. The "Oneonta" traveled between the Cascade Rapids and the lower part of Celilo Falls. The "Oneonta" retired in 1877 and served as a barge until being abandoned in 1880.

Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon,  click to enlarge
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"Oneonta" detail, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center exhibit, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 8, 2013.


Oregon Trail "Land Route" ...

Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Exhibit, Oregon Trail "Land Route", Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Around the south side of Mount Hood on the Barlow Road. Image taken May 8, 2013.
Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Exhibit, Oregon Trail "Land Route", Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Around the south side of Mount Hood on the Barlow Road. Image taken May 8, 2013.


Oregon Trail "River Route" ...

Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Exhibit, Oregon Trail "River Route", Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 8, 2013.
Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Exhibit, Oregon Trail "River Route", Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 8, 2013.
Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Exhibit, Oregon Trail "River Route", Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 8, 2013.


Running Fruit Ladders ...
"Running Fruit Ladders" is a "Large Art Celebrating Small Farms" display created by Mosier artist John Maher. There are dozens of brightly painted wooden fruit ladders.

Image, 2011, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
"Running Fruit Ladders", Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken October 6, 2011.


Sternwheelers on the Upper Columbia ...

Sternwheelers on the
UPPER COLUMBIA

"The lure of the river casts its spell."
Fred W. Wilson, "The Lure of the River" (1969)

"Steamboats proved crucial to the commerce of the Columbia River east of The Dalles. In 1858 Robert R. Thompson, Indian Agent, and Lawrence W. Coe hauled in boilers and fittings to build a steamboat near the mouth of the Deschutes River. In spite of rapids and currents, Capt. Leonard White took command and ran the vessel on a regular schedule from Celilo Landing to Wallula above the mouth of the Walla Walla River.

The Colonel Wright proved the value of steamboats for hauling freight and passengers through the Columbia Basin. With the mining rush of the early 1860s, she earned as much as $2,500 in fares on a single up-river journey. Measuring 110 feet long and 21 feet wide, the Colonel Wright was worn out and dismantled in 1865. Several competing vessels came on duty in the 1860s. Steamboating persisted for the next sixty years until the advent of highways and truck traffic in the 1920s."


Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Exhibit, "Sternwheelers on the Upper Columbia", Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 8, 2013.
Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon,  click to enlarge
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Exhibit detail, "Sternwheelers on the Upper River", Columbia Gorge Discovery Center exhibit, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 8, 2013.
Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Exhibit, "Sternwheelers on the Upper Columbia", Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 8, 2013.


The Dalles Street Scene ...

Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Exhibit, "The Dalles Street Scene", Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 8, 2013.
Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Exhibit, "The Dalles Street Scene", Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 8, 2013.
Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Exhibit, "The Dalles Street Scene", Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 8, 2013.


Umatilla House ...
Built in 1857, the Umatilla House was known as the "best hotel west of Minneapolis and north of San Francisco". It was located in The Dalles, Oregon, on the northeast corner of First ("Main") and Union streets, right across from the steamboat landing. Travelers would disembark from the steamboats and head up to the hotel. For folks continuing east, The Dalles-Celilo portage trains left from the Umatilla House. Later, when the Union Pacific railroad came through, the tracks were laid in front of the hotel's front door. The trains would stop at Umatilla House for their passengers to have a meal.

Umatilla House
Handley & Sinnott, Prop'rs
This popular house, centrally located,
Near the Steamboat Landing
& Railroad Depot, Has been recently
enlarged and improved
and will now accommodate

300 GUESTS

It will be conducted as heretofore, as a
FIRST CLASS HOUSE,
and the patronage of the traveling public
is respectfully solicited ...

Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Exhibit, "Umatilla House", Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 8, 2013.
Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Exhibit, "Umatilla House", Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 8, 2013.
Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Exhibit, "Umatilla House", Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 8, 2013.
Image, 2013, Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Exhibit, "Umatilla House", Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 8, 2013.


Views from the Discovery Center ...

Image, 2005, Crates Point, Oregon, click to enlarge
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East side o f Crates Point, as seen from Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, Oregon. Image taken June 4, 2005.
Image, 2011, Rocky Island from Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Rocky Island from the Columbia Gorge Discovery Center, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken October 6, 2011.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, October 28, 1805 ...
A cool windey morning we loaded our Canoes and Set out at 9 oClock, a. m. [Rock Fort] ...     we proceeded on river inclosed on each Side in high Clifts of about 90 feet of loose dark coloured rocks     at four miles we landed at a village of 8 houses on the Stard. Side under Some rugid rocks, Those people call themselves Chil-luckit-te-quaw, ...     here we purchased five Small Dogs, Some dried buries, & white bread made of roots, the wind rose and we were obliged to lie by all day at 1 mile below on the Lard. Side [vicinity of Rocky Island at Crates Point]. ...     wind blew hard accompanied with rain all the evening, our Situation not a verry good one for an encampment, but Such as it is we are obliged to put up with, the harbor is a Safe one [Rocky Island at Crates Point], we encamped on the Sand wet and disagreeable ...





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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:    "HistoricTheDalles.org" website, 2013;   

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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Images are NOT to be downloaded from this website.
May 2013