Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Cascade Locks Marine Park, Oregon"
Includes ... Cascade Locks ... Cascade Locks Marine Park ... Thunder Island ... National Register of Historic Places ... Sternwheeler "Columbia Gorge" ...
Image, 2009, Museum, Cascade Locks Marine Park, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Cascade Locks Historical Museum, Cascade Locks Marine Park, Oregon. Image taken June 3, 2009.

The Cascade Locks Historical Museum is located in one of the three original locks tender's houses, built in 1905.


Cascade Locks Marine Park ...
Cascade Locks Marine Park is along the Columbia River at the location of the remains of the Cascade Locks, on the east side of the town. The park has picnic areas, a playground built like a sternwheeler, the Cascade Locks Historical Museum (housed in one of the 3 original locks tender's houses), and the Oregon Pony, the first steam engine in the Pacific Northwest. In September 2006 the park featured two life-size cutouts of "Seaman", Captain Lewis's newfoundland dog who made the entire journey with Lewis and Clark, and in 2011 two bronzes were dedicated, one of Sacagawea and Pomp, and the other of Captain Lewis's dog Seaman. There is also a walking bridge crossing the remains of the Locks, connecting the Marine Park with a 3-acre "Thunder Island", and the sternwheeler "Columbia Gorge" is based out of the Park.

National Register of Historic Places ...
Cascade Locks Marine Park (and the Locks) were added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1974 (Structure - #74001686).

Views around Marine Park ...

Image, 2005, Cascade Locks Marine Park, click to enlarge
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Cascade Locks Marine Park. View from bridge across the Locks to Thunder Island. Image taken June 29, 2005.
Image, 2006, Seaman cutout, click to enlarge
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Cutout of Captain Lewis's dog, "Seaman", at Cascade Locks Marine Park, Oregon. Image taken September 16, 2006.
Image, 2009, Oregon Pony, click to enlarge
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Canadian Geese, Cascade Locks Marine Park, Oregon. Image taken June 3, 2009.
Image, 2009, Playground, Cascade Locks Marine Park, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Iris, Cascade Locks Marine Park, Oregon. Image taken June 3, 2009.


Cascade Locks Marine Park

  • Cascade Locks Museum ...
  • "Oregon Pony" ...
  • Playground ...
  • Sacagawea with Pomp, and Seaman Bronzes ...
  • Sternwheeler "Columbia Gorge" ...
  • Thunder Island ...


Cascade Locks Museum ...
The Cascade Locks Historical Museum is located in one of the three original locks tender's houses, built in 1905. It is located at Cascade Locks Marine Park.

Image, 2013, Cascade Locks Museum, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Model, "Mary", Cascade Locks Museum exhibit, Cascade Locks, Oregon. Image taken May 19, 2013.
Image, 2013, Cascade Locks Museum, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Model, "Hassalo" (built in 1880), Cascade Locks Museum exhibit, Cascade Locks, Oregon. Image taken May 19, 2013.
Image, 2013, Cascade Locks Museum, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Steamer "Hassalo" running the Cascades, Cascade Locks Museum exhibit, Cascade Locks, Oregon. Image taken May 19, 2013.


"Oregon Pony" ...
The Oregon Pony was the first steam engine in the Pacific Northwest.
[More]

Image, 2006, Oregon Pony, click to enlarge
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Glass enclosure, "Oregon Pony", at Cascade Locks Marine Park, Cascade Locks, Oregon. Image taken September 16, 2006.
Image, 2013, Oregon Pony, click to enlarge
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"Oregon Pony" inside glass enclosure, at Cascade Locks Marine Park, Oregon. Image taken May 19, 2013.
Image, 2013, Oregon Pony, click to enlarge
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Name, "Oregon Pony", at Cascade Locks Marine Park, Oregon. Image taken May 19, 2013.


Playground ...

Image, 2009, Playground, Cascade Locks Marine Park, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Playground, Cascade Locks Marine Park, Oregon. Image taken January 13, 2009.
Image, 2009, Playground, Cascade Locks Marine Park, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Playground, Cascade Locks Marine Park, Oregon. Image taken January 13, 2009.


Sacagawea with Pomp, and Seaman Bronzes ...
In 2011 two bronzes, one of Sacagawea and Pomp, and the other of Captain Lewis's dog Seaman, were erected at the east end of Cascade Locks Marine Park.
[More]

Image, 2011, Two bronzes, Cascade Locks Marine Park, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Two bronzes, Cascade Locks Marine Park. Image taken May 4, 2011.


Sternwheeler "Columbia Gorge" ...
Four steamers were present when the Cascade Locks opened on November 5, 1896. Today the sternwheeler "Columbia Gorge" resides at the Cascade Locks, providing today's visitors with a glimpse into the past.
[More]

Image, 2010, Columbia Gorge Sternwheeler, click to enlarge
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"Columbia Gorge" Sternwheeler docked, as seen from Thunder Island. Image taken October 18, 2010.


Thunder Island ...
Thunder Island can be reached at Cascade Locks Marine Park.

Image, 2013, Cascade Locks, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Thunder Island, Cascade Locks Marine Park, Cascade Locks, Oregon. View looking east with the historic locks visible on the right. Image taken February 15, 2013.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, October 30, 1805 ...
A cool morning, a moderate rain all the last night, after eating a partial brackfast of venison we Set out [from their camp near Drano Lake and the Little White Salmon River]     passed Several places where the rocks projected into the river & have the appearance of haveing Seperated from the mountains and fallen promiscuisly into the river, Small nitches are formed in the banks below those projecting rocks which is comon in this part of the river, Saw 4 Cascades caused by Small Streams falling from the mountains on the Lard. Side,

[The possiblities in a two-mile area are - upstream to downstream - Starvation Creek and Falls, the seasonal Cabin Creek and Falls, Warren Creek and Falls, Wonder Creek and Lancaster Falls, Lindsey Creek and Falls, and Summit Creek and Falls.]

a remarkable circumstance in this part of the river is, the Stumps of pine trees [Submerged Forest]

[The Submerged Forest existed along the reach from above Dog Mountain/Viento Creek on the upstream edge and Wind Mountain/Shellrock Mountain on the downstream edge.]

are in maney places are at Some distance in the river, and gives every appearance of the rivers being damed up below from Some cause which I am not at this time acquainted with [Bonneville Landslide],     the Current of the river is also verry jentle not exceeding 1 1/2 mile pr. hour and about 3/4 of a mile in width. Some rain, we landed above the mouth of a Small river on the Stard. Side [Wind River] and Dined ...   :  here the river widens to about one mile large Sand bar in the middle, a Great [rock] both in and out of the water, large <round> Stones, or rocks are also permiscuisly Scattered about in the river, ...     this day we Saw Some fiew of the large Buzzard    Capt. Lewis Shot at one, those Buzzards are much larger than any other of ther Spece or the largest Eagle white under part of their wings &c. [California Condor] ...     The bottoms above the mouth of this little river [Wind River] <which we Call> is rich covered with grass & firn & is about 3/4 of a mile wide rich and rises gradually, below the river (which is 60 yards wide above its mouth) the Countery rises with Steep assent. we call this little river <fr Ash> New Timbered river from a Speces of Ash <that wood> which grows on its banks of a verry large and different from any we had before Seen, and a timber resembling the beech in bark <& groth> but different in its leaf which is Smaller and the tree smaller. passed maney large rocks in the river and a large creek on the Stard. Side in the mouth of which is an Island [Rock Creek near Stevenson, Washington], passed on the right of 3 Islands <on> near the Stard. Side, and landed on an Island close under the Stard. Side at the head of the great Shute [head of the Cascades Rapids], and a little below a village of 8 large houses on a Deep bend on the Stard. Side, and opposit 2 Small Islands imediately in the head of the Shute, which Islands are covered with Pine, maney large rocks also, in the head of the Shute. Ponds back of the houses, and Countrey low for a Short distance. The day proved Cloudy dark and disagreeable with Some rain all day which kept us wet. The Countary a high mountain on each Side thickly Covered with timber, Such as Spruc, Pine, Cedar, Oake Cotton &c. &c.     I took two men and walked down three miles to examine the Shute and river below proceeded along an old Indian path, passd. an old village at 1 mile [vicinity of Ice House Lake] ...     I found by examonation that we must make a portage of the greater perpotion of our Stores 2 1/2 miles, and the Canoes we Could haul over the rocks, I returned at Dark ...     a wet disagreeable evening, the only wood we could get to burn on this little Island on which we have encamped [near Ashes Lake, the island is now under the waters of the Bonneville Reservoir. Ashes Lake was near the head of the Cascade Rapids. Across from Ashes Lake is Cascade Locks, Oregon.] is the newly discovered Ash, which makes a tolerable fire. we made fifteen miles to daye






Clark, November 2, 1805 ...
Examined the rapid below us [from their camp at Fort Rains, looking at the Cascade Rapids] more pertcelarly the danger appearing too great to Hazzard our Canoes loaded, dispatched all the men who could not Swim with loads to the end of the portage below, I also walked to the end of the portage with the carriers where I delayed untill everry articles was brought over and canoes arrived Safe. here we brackfast and took a Meridn. altitude 59 45' 45" about the time we were Setting out 7 Squars came over loaded with Dried fish, and bear grass neetly bundled up, Soon after 4 Indian men came down over the rapid in a large canoe.     passed a rapid at 2 miles & 1 at 4 miles opposite the lower point of a high Island on the Lard Side [Bradford Island], and a little below 4 Houses on the Stard. Bank, a Small Creek on the Lard Side [Tanner Creek] opposit Straw berry Island [Hamilton Island], which heads below the last rapid, opposit the lower point of this Island [Hamilton Island] passed three Islands covered with tall timber [today there are two, Ives and Pierce] opposit the Beatin rock [Beacon Rock]    Those Islands are nearest the Starboard Side, imediately below on the Stard. Side passed a village of nine houses [indentified on Atlas map#79 as the "Wah-clallah Tribe of Shahala Nation", location near today's Skamania and Skamania Landing], which is Situated between 2 Small Creeks [Woodard Creek and Duncan Creek], and are of the Same construction of those above; here the river widens to near a mile, and the bottoms are more extensive and thickly timbered, as also the high mountains on each Side, with Pine, Spruce pine, Cotton wood, a Species of ash, and alder.     at 17 miles passed a rock near the middle of the river [Phoca Rock], about 100 feet high and 80 feet Diamuter,     proceed on down a Smoth gentle Stream of about 2 miles wide, in which the tide has its effect as high as the Beaten rock [Beacon Rock] or the Last rapids at Strawberry Island [Hamilton Island],- Saw great numbers of waterfowl of Different kinds, Such as Swan, Geese, white & grey brants, ducks of various kinds, Guls, & Pleaver [today just below Beacon Rock is Franz National Wildlife Refuge]. ...     we encamped under a high projecting rock on the Lard. Side [Rooster Rock, with Crown Point rising above it],     here the mountains leave the river on each Side [leaving the Columbia River Gorge, Steigerwald Land NWR is on the north and the Sandy River delta is on the south], which from the great Shute to this place is high and rugid [Columbia River Gorge]; thickly Covered with timber principalley of the Pine Species. The bottoms below appear extensive and thickly Covered with wood.     river here about 2 miles wide.     Seven Indians in a Canoe on their way down to trade with the nativs below, encamp with us, those we left at the portage passed us this evening and proceeded on down The ebb tide rose here about 9 Inches, the flood tide must rise here much higher- we made 29 miles to day from the Great Shute [Cascade Locks]-





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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:    (see "Sources" for Cascade Locks);   

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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May 2013