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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Basalt Flow - 'Cape Horn near Celilo'"
Includes ... "Cape Horn near Celilo" ... Carleton Watkins ... "Applegate Point" ... The Golden Age of Postcards ...
Image, 2005, Basalt Flow, near Celilo, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Basalt Flow and Union Pacific train, between The Dalles and Celilo, Oregon. Image taken June 4, 2005.


Cape Horns of the Columbia River ...
Throughout history there have been five different features named "Cape Horn" located along the Columbia River, one of them being this basalt cliff upstream of The Dalles and downstream of Celilo Falls.
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Cape Horn near Celilo ...
One of the Cape Horns along the Columbia River is located upstream of The Dalles, Oregon and is located at Columbia River Mile (RM) _____.

In 1873 Mrs. Frances Fuller Victor in her publication "All Over Oregon and Washington" wrote about Cape Horn near Celilo ... (p.96).

"... Aside from the river itself there is little to interest one between Dalles City and Celilo, the upper end of the gorge of the Columbia. There are rocks all about in every direction, a little grass, a great deal of sand, and some very brilliant flowers growing out of it. ... The railroad takes us along under overhanging cliffs of plutonic rock, one of which is called Cape Horn, like its brother of the lower Columbia. ...

"Cape Horn near Celilo" was located along the Celilo Canal.

Another early name for this "Cape Horn near Celilo" was "Applegate Point". This basalt cliff is not named on topographic maps.


Image, 2005, Basalt Flow, between The Dalles and Celilo, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Basalt Flow between The Dalles and Celilo, Oregon. Image taken June 4, 2005.


Carleton Watkins ...
Two famous views of "Cape Horn near Celilo" exist, taken by photographer Carleton Watkins in the late 1860s. One is "Cape Horn, near Celilo, Columbia River" (Stereograph #1329) and the other is "Cape Horn near Celilo" (year 1867). This last image hangs in many museums around the world. In 2000, a print of Watkin's "Cape Horn near Celilo" went at auction for $236,750 to a San Francisco dealer.

"... Watkins settled in San Francisco at the height of the Gold Rush, taking up the still-new medium of photography in the mid 1850s. In his pictures he aspired to capture the vastness and grandeur of the American West for audiences primarily on the East Coast and in Europe. In pursuing this goal Watkins composed images that were astonishingly sophisticated and modern in appearance. Watkins made photographs that are visually immediate, lush in detail, compositionally abstract and psychologically compelling. ..."

Carleton Watkins' 1867 image "Cape Horn Near Celilo" shows the massive basalt flow of Columbia River Basalt on the right with the Oregon Portage Railroad at its base. Haystack Butte, Washington, is in the left background. See "The Golden Age of Postcards" below.


Image, 2005, Carleton Watkins, Cape Horn near Celilo, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Carleton Watkins, Cape Horn near Celilo, Oregon. Webpage of "masters-of-photography.com" Website. Image taken June 5, 2005.
Image, 2005, Cape Horn near Celilo, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Cape Horn near Celilo, Oregon. Image taken June 4, 2005.


"The Golden Age of Postcards" ...

The early 1900s was the "Golden Age of Postcards", with the "Penny Postcard" being a popular way to send greetings to family and friends. Today the Penny Postcard has become a snapshot of history.

Penny Postcard, Cape Horn near Celilo, 1867
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Cape Horn near Celilo, by Carleton Watkins, 1867. New "Penny Postcard", "Cape Horn Near Celilo, Columbia River, 1867.". Image created in 1867 by Carleton Watkins, Postcard from 1983. Oregon Historical Society Columbia River Gorge Postcard Series II (Watkins Series). Carleton E. Watkins No.456. Published by Western Imprints, the Press of the Oregon Historical Society. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Penny Postcard, Cape Horn near Celilo, ca.1946
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Cape Horn near Celilo, Oregon, ca.1946. Penny Postcard, Postmarked 1946, "Cape Horn, Oregon Trail Highway, Oregon". This is not today's Cape Horn, but is the "Cape Horn near Celilo", made famous by Carleton Watkins in 1867. Sawyer Scenic Photos Card #C13121. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, ...
 




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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:    Victor, F.F., 1872, All Over Oregon and Washington: John H. Carmany & Co., San Francisco;   

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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© 2017, Lyn Topinka, "ColumbiaRiverImages.com", All rights reserved.
Images are NOT to be downloaded from this website.
April 2009