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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Bradley State Wayside, Oregon"
Includes ... Bradley State Wayside ... Bradley State Scenic Viewpoint ... Clatsop Crest ... Puget Island ...
Image, 2005, Cargo ship passing Puget Island, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Cargo ship passing Puget Island, Washington. View from Bradley State Wayside, Clatsop Crest, Oregon. Image taken February 19, 2005.


Bradley State Wayside ...
The Bradley State Wayside (also called Bradley State Scenic Viewpoint), located on Nicolai Ridge at Oregon's Clatsop Crest, was one of the first parcels donated as park land to the Oregon Highway Commission in 1922. The park features a restroom, monument, and tremendous views of the Columbia River, Puget Island, and Wauna, Oregon. Bradley State Wayside is located on Oregon's U.S. Highway 30, twenty-two miles east of Astoria, Oregon. Bradley Wayside is located on Oregon Highway 30 at Milepost 79.9 and Columbia River Mile (RM) 40. Upstream is Wauna and Westport and downstream are Bradwood and Clifton.

Image, 2004, Bradley State Scenic Wayside, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Bradley State Scenic Wayside, Oregon. Image taken November 20, 2004.
Image, 2004, Bradley State Scenic Wayside, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Bradley State Scenic Wayside, Oregon. Image taken November 20, 2004.

This Park Donated
to Clatsop County by
FRED W. BRADLEY
and the Heirs of
ELEMAR E. BRADLEY
of Bay City, Michigan,
July,
MCMXXI


"Fog So Thick" ...
Lewis and Clark passed by this area on the Washington side of the Columbia River north of Puget Island.
"... A cloudy foggey morning Some rain.     we Set out early     proceeded under the Stard Shore under a high rugid hills with Steep assent the Shore boalt and rockey, the fog So thick we could not See across the river ..." [Clark, November 7, 1805]

[More]

Image, 2005, fog from Bradley State Wayside, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Fog, from Bradley State Wayside, Oregon. The Columbia River and Puget Island, Washington, are under the fog. The hills of Washington State are in the distance. Image taken April 19, 2005.


Bradley Park in 1922 ...
Bradley Park at Clatsop Crest

"Under agreement between the County Court of Clatsop County and the heirs of the Bradley Estate, a tract of twenty acres including the site known as Clatsop Crest is to be deeded to Clatsop County for park purposes, the consideration being the erection of a monument at the expense of the County to be approved by the donors of the property. The deed is understood to be in escrow pending fulfillment of the consideration, with the County Court having awarded a contract for the construction of the monument. It is expected that the park will be turned over to the State to be maintained and improved as a State park and, in anticipation of this action, filing has been made on the necessary water supply and a small amount of improvement work has been done in the way of construction of temporary comfort stations, et cetera.

This park will cover and protect for public use the most valuable point from a scenic aspect along the lower Columbia River Highway and its control by the State is, for that reason, especially desirable."


Source:    Oregon State Highway Commission Fifth Biennial Report, 1921-1922.


Bradley Wayside in 1965 ...
BRADLEY WAYSIDE

"Bradley Wayside is located on the lower Columbia River Highway about 22 miles east of Astoria at the summit of Clatsop Crest in Clatsop County.

This delightful area of 18.08 acres was first given to Clatsop County as a park by the heirs of the Bradley estate in 1921. By an agreement the Highway Commission obtained the area on March 25, 1922, but the deed giving title to the state was not signed until April 13, 1932. The Bradley heirs approved the deed subject to the same provisions as contained in the deed to Clatsop County.

Bradley Wayside is essentially a viewpoint overlooking the Columbia River and its Washington shore. It is covered with a good stand of fir timber and other indigenous species.

Developments are a car parking area, picnic area and a water system from a source some two miles to the west under permits #8454 and Q-748 from Kaiser Gypsum, Inc. Sanitary facilities and a caretaker's cottage were constructed in 1923.

A concessionaire was obtained who operated under a contract. Many extensions of the contract were made over a period of several years. This arrangement was never quite satisfactory neither financially nor from a park maintenance standpoint.

When the highway was reconstructed through Bradley Wayside, it was located south of the buildings. The moving of this road did not interfere with the viewpoint of this park nor did it affect the use of the picnic area. Instead, the provision of a good entrance road resulted in an increase of 15,000 visitors the following year.

The 1963 visitor count was 57,028."


Source:    Chester H. Armstrong (compiler), 1965, "History of the Oregon State Parks: 1917-1963, published by Oregon State Parks.


Views from Bradley State Wayside ...
From Bradley State Wayside good views of Puget Island and nearby Ryan Island can be seen, as well as Cape Horn (Wahkiakum County), Cathlamet, Washington, Wauna, Oregon, and the Clatskanie River "delta". On a clear day Mount Rainier can be seen on the skyline.

Image, 2005, Columbia River looking upstream from Bradley Wayside, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
View upstream from Bradley State Wayside, Oregon. Puget Island and Coffee Pot Island, can be seen from Bradley State Wayside. Image taken April 19, 2005.
Image, 2005, Puget Island as seen from Bradley Wayside, click to large
Click image to enlarge
Puget Island, Washington, as seen from Bradley State Wayside, Oregon. Image taken April 19, 2005.
Image, 2005, view from Bradley State Scenic Wayside, Oregon, click to large
Click image to enlarge
Puget Island, Cathlamet Channel, Cathlamet Bridge, from Bradley State Wayside. Mount Rainier is in the distance, right. Image taken April 19, 2005.
Image, 2005, Wauna, Oregon, as seen from Bradley State Wayside, click to large
Click image to enlarge
Wauna, Oregon, as seen from Bradley State Wayside. Image taken April 19, 2005.


... 2004 ...

Image, 2004, Columbia River looking upstream from Bradley Wayside, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Columbia River, view upstream from Bradley State Wayside, Oregon. Image taken November 20, 2004.
Image, 2004, Puget Island from Bradley Wayside, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Puget Island as seen from Bradley State Wayside, Oregon. Image taken November 20, 2004.
Image, 2004, Downstream tip of Puget Island, from Bradley Wayside, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Puget Island, downstream end, as seen from Bradley State Wayside, Oregon. Image taken November 20, 2004.
Image, 2004, Puget Island and Coffee Pot Island from Bradley Wayside, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Coffee Pot Island, as seen from Bradley State Wayside, Oregon. Puget Island and Coffee Pot Island. Image taken November 20, 2004.
Image, 2004, Puget Island, Cape Horn, and the Clastskanie Floodplain, from Bradley Wayside, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Puget Island, Cape Horn (Wahkiakum), and the Clatskanie River/Beaver Slough Floodplain, as seen from Bradley State Wayside, Oregon. Puget Island (middleground), Cape Horn of Wahkiakum County (left), and the Clatskanie floodplain, Oregon (distance),as seen from Bradley State Wayside. Coffee Pot Island is in the lower right. Image taken November 20, 2004.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, March 25, 1806 ...
Last night and this morning are cool wend hard a head and tide going out, after an early brackfast we proceeded on [from their camp near Aldrich Point] about 4 miles and came too on the south side to worm and dry our Selves a little. Soon after we had landed two Indians Came from a War kia cum village on the opposite Side with 2 dogs and a fiew Wappato to Sell neither of which we bought. Som Clatsops passed down in a Canoe loaded with fish and Wappato. as the wind was hard a head and tide against us we Concluded to delay untill the return of the tide which we expected at 1 oClock, at which hour we Set out ...     we crossed over to an Island [Puget Island] on which was a Cath lahmah fishing Camp of one Lodge; here we found <one> 3 man two woman and a couple of boys who must have for Some time for the purpose of taking Sturgeon which they do by trolling. they had 10 or 12 very fine Sturgeon which had not been long taken; [White Sturgeon] ...     we remained at this place about half an hour and then Continued our rout. the winds in the evening was verry hard, it was with Some dificuelty that we Could find a Spot proper for an encampment, the Shore being a Swamp for Several miles back; at length late in the evening opposit to the place we had encamped on the 6th of Novr. last [near Cape Horn, Wahkiakum County]; we fouond the enterance of a Small Creek [one of the many mouths/sloughs/drainages of the Clatskanie River system, near Wallace Island and Wallace Slough] which offered us a Safe harbour from the Winds and Encamped. the Ground was low and moist tho' we obtained a tolerable encampment. here we found another party of Cathlahmahs about 10 in number, who had established a temporary residence for the purpose of fishing and takeing Seal ...     here we found Drewyer and the 2 Fields' who had been Seperated from us Since Morning; they had passed on the North Side of the large Island [Puget Island] which was much nearest. the bottom lands are Covered with a Species of Arspine, the Growth with a broad leaf which resembles ash except the leaf. the under brush red willow, broad leafed Willow, Seven bark, Goose berry, Green bryor, and the larged leaf thorn; the latter is Now in blume, the nativs inform us that it bears a <leaf> fruit about an Inch in diamieter which is a good to eate. the red willow and 7 bark begin to put foth their leaves. The green bryor which I have before mentioned retains leaves all winter. made 15 Miles.



Lewis, March 25, 1806 ...
The morning being disagreeably cold we remained and took breakfast. at 7 A. M. we set out [from their camp near Aldrich Point] and continued our rout along the South Coast of the river against the wind and a strong current, our progress was of course but slow. at noon we halted and dined. ...     after dinner we passed the river to a large Island [Puget Island] 2 and continued our rout allong the side of the same about a mile when we arrived at a Cathlahmah fishing cam of one lodge; here we found 3 men 2 women and a couple of boys, ...     they had a good stock of fish on board, but did not seem disposed to sell them. we remained at this place [Puget Island] about half an hour and then continued our rout up the Island to it's head and passed to the south side. the wind in the evening was very hard. it was with some difficulty that we could find a spot proper for an encampment, the shore being a swamp for several miles back; at length late in the evening opposite to the place we had encamped on the 6th of November last [Cape Horn, Wahkiakum County]; we found the entrance of a small creek [one of the many mouths/sloughs of the Clatskanie River system] which afforded us a safe harbour from the wind and encamped. the ground was low and moist tho' we obtained a tolerable encampment. here we found another party of Cathlahmahs about 10 in number who had established a temperary residence for the purpose of fishing and taking seal. ...   :  here we found Drewyer and the Feildses who had been seperated from us since morning; they had passed on the North side of the large Island [Puget Island] which was much nearer. the bottom lands are covered with cottonwood, the growth with a broad leaf which resembles ash except the leaf. the underbrush red willow, broad leafed willow, sevenbark, goosburry, green bryer & the larged leafed thorn; the latter is now in bloom; the natives inform us that it bears a freut about an inch in diameter which is good to eat.-




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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:    Armstrong, C.H., (compiler), 1965, "History of the Oregon State Parks: 1917-1963, published by Oregon State Parks;    Hay, K.G., 2004, The Lewis and Clark Columbia River Water Trail, Timber Press, Portland;    Oregon Parks and Recreation website, 2004;   

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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April 2011