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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Black Lake, Washington"
Includes ... Black Lake ... "Johnson's Lake" ... "Wheaklon's Lake" ...
Image, 2005, Black Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Black Lake, Washington. Image from near Ilwaco, Washington. Image taken November 9, 2005.


Black Lake ...
Black Lake is located on the Washington side of the Columbia River on the road between Ilwaco and Long Beach. The name "Black Lake" refers to the dark-colored waters.

Early Black Lake ...
Robert Hitchman wrote in "Place Names of Washington" (1985, Washington State Historical Society):

"Black Lake (T10N R11W, Section 28) ... Lake directly north of Ilwaco, near the mouth of Columbia River, extreme southwest Pacific Cuonty. The name, of local origin, relates to the lake's very dark-colored water."

"A white settler, Captain James Johnson, took a donation land claim in 1848 and built a large house. ... The house was later sold to Isaac Whealdon, who lived there with his family."

"Black Lake (located on Ilwaco's northern edge), was first known as Johnson's lake, and then as Whealdon's Lake. B.A. Seaborg constructed a saw mill at the lake's north end in 1888, and used the soft spruce timber that grew along the lake's edge to mill boxes that were then used to pack salmon."


Source:    Paula Becker, 2012, "Ilwaco", "historylink.org" website, 2013, The Free Online Encyclopedia of Washington State History.



The U.S. Bureau of Land Management's General Land Office (GLO) Records database (2019) shows the Heirs of James Johnson and the Heirs of Jane Johnson being granted title to 637.88 acres of T10N R11W, Sections 27, 28, 33, and 34, on December 22, 1865 (1850 Oregon-Donation Act). This is located in the Ilwaco area, including the area on the east side of Black Lake.

Black Lake Park ...
Black Lake Park:

"Owned and managed by the City Black Lake Park is approximately 47 acres in size and is located on the shore of Black Lake and 1st Avenue North/Sandridge Road. This acreage does not include the lake itself, which is approximatley 30 acres and, as navigable waters of the state, is controlled by Washington Department of Natural Resources. ... This area was historically calle Provo Park and was a state park at one time. There is a Coast Guard memorial on this western edge of the lake with a high overlook and fishing platform. The public can also access the lake from the north. A gravel road runs along the northern and northeastern edges of the lake with primitive, unmarked parking. There are three docks in the lake. There is also a simple boat launch. ..."


Source:    City of Ilwaco Parks Trails & Natural Areas Plan, 2014-2020, adopted by Ilwaco City Council on January 27, 1914, "ilwaco-wa.gov" website, 2019.


Views ...

Image, 2005, Black Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Black Lake, Washington. Image taken November 9, 2005.
Image, 2005, Black Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Black Lake, Washington. Image taken November 9, 2005.
Image, 2005, Black Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Black Lake, Washington. Image taken November 9, 2005.


"The Golden Age of Postcards" ...

The early 1900s was the "Golden Age of Postcards". The "Penny Postcard" became a popular way to send greetings to friends and family. Today the Penny Postcard has become an snapshot of history.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, November 19, 1805 ...
after takeing a Sumptious brackfast of venison which was rosted on Stiks exposed to the fire, I proceeded on through ruged Country of high hills and Steep hollers [including today's North Head, Deadmans Hollow, and Beards Hollow] on a course from the Cape [Cape Disappointment] N 20° W. 5 miles on a Direct line to the Commencement of a Sandy Coast [Long Beach Peninsula] which extended N. 10° W. from the top of the hill above the Sand Shore to a Point of high land distant near 20 miles [Leadbetter Point]. this point I have taken the Liberty of Calling after my particular friend Lewis— at the commencement of this Sand beech the high lands leave the Sea coast in a Direction to Chinnook river [Chinook or Wallacut River] , and does not touch the Sea Coast again <untill> below point Lewis [Leadbetter Point] leaveing a low pondey countrey, maney places open with small ponds in which there is great numbr. of fowl     I am informed that the Chinnook Nation inhabit this low countrey and live in large wood houses on a river which passes through this bottom Parrilal to the Sea coast and falls into the Bay



I proceeded on the Sandy Coast 4 miles, and marked my name on a Small pine, the Day of the month & year, &c. [near the location of present day Long Beach] and returned to the foot of the hill, from which place I intended to Strike across to The Bay [Baker Bay], ...     after Dineing on the remains of our Small Deer I proceeded through over a land S E with Some Ponds [possibly one being Black Lake] to the bay [Baker Bay] distance about 2 miles, thence up to the mouth of Chinnook river [mistake, the Wallacut River, west of the Chinook River] 2 miles, crossed this little river in the Canoe we left at its mouth and Encamped [Wallacut River] on the upper Side in an open Sandy bottom— The hills [Ilwaco, Washington area] next to the bay [Baker Bay] Cape disapointment [Cape Disappointment] to a Short distance up the Chinnook river [Wallacut River] is not verry high thickly Coverd. with different Species of pine &c. maney of which are large, I observed in maney places pine of 3 or 4 feet through growing on the bodies of large trees which had fallen down, and covered with moss and yet part Sound. ...





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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:
  • "historylink.org" website, 2013;
  • "ilwaco-wa.gov" website, 2019;
  • Hitchman, R., 1985, "Place Names of Washington", Washington State Historical Society;
  • U.S. Bureau of Land Management's General Land Office (GLO) Records database, 2019;


All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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September 2008